The discussed experience is also used by the writer as the base for showing how the six assumptions in the Knowles’s theory about adult-based learning (andragogy) can be applied. Finally, the write has briefly explored online learning and how adult-based education can make it better.
Andragogy was originally defined as ‘the art and science of helping adults learn’ though the most acceptable definition in the modern world is the learners-focused education for all people and is considered as an alternative of pedagogy. Alexander Kapp initially used the word andragogy in 1933 and later Malcolm Knowles (Vodde, 2009) developed a theory on the same. Malcolm’s theory comprised of numerous postulates with the first stating that adults must be involved during the planning process as well as during the evaluation of their instructions. The second hypothesis on his theory was that experience, which encompasses mistakes, is a fundamental aspect for all learning activities. Malcolm’s or Knowles’s theory also claims that adults learning focuses on problems or rather is problem oriented as opposed to content centered. Finally, he claimed that adults are mostly interested in learning elements that have impacts in their personal and professional lives.
Andragogy is a broad discipline and is one of the subjects that many theorists have introduced theories and models in attempt to make the learning process an easy task. It is based on four major clerical presumptions about the features of adult learners which include the concept of dependency. In this, it is assumed that the self-concept of people changes from being dependent to that of being self-directed individuals as they mature (Vodde, 2009). Another presumption is that an adult accrues an increasing reservoir of skills that become a cumulative resource, and their enthusiasm to learn ...Show more