In the Pulaski County Special School District, there have been efforts at reforming institutions to minimize racial inequalities in the field of education. Reduction in the inequalities has so many challenges because; the causes are deeply rooted in the culture and history of the overall American society (Nieto, 1997).
Many factors lead to the existence of educational inequalities in the Pulaski County Special School District. The historical factors identify that the relationship between white residents of America and the colored people in America, lead to social inequalities (Banks, 1997). The enslavement effect of the African Americans ensured that their children do not access quality education for many generations. Though slavery was abolished; the racial stigma is still currently felt, even within our education system. Latinos have also been continuously shut out of societal education opportunities in all levels. American Indians endured enforcement in missionary schools which forced their assimilation into the white culture.
Family background is another source of inequalities in our education system (Nieto, 1997). There is a positive correlation in the parents’ academic success, and the children’s academic success. In the Pulaski County Special School District and specifically on a case study conducted on Murrell Taylor Elementary School; it has been established that family background is the most influential determinant of students’ academic achievements. In general, the white students tend to come from homes with high literacy levels; this is in contrast to the minority families. Therefore, children from white families receive adequate support on educational resources and success. Educated families usually have higher incomes; this enables them to access the best schools in Pulaski County Special School District. Cultural perceptions and knowledge in the family backgrounds