Since the advent of studies related to personality, theories have been postulated and offer different explanations related to individual’s behavior. For instance, Carl Rogers focuses on a humanistic personality theory. This theory posits that human behavior is rational;…
As explained by Rogers, human beings are endowed with an actualizing tendency that can enable them develop their capabilities and provide them with a sense of autonomy. On the other hand, self-actualizing tendency is considered to encompass such characteristics like motivation, needs or drives; as such, each individual has a responsibility to realize his or her potential. Rogers in his development of personality theory, does not recognize a deterministic nature associated with behaviorism or psychoanalysis, but maintains a focus on behavior being influenced by the conditions that individuals find themselves. In this sense, every individual is an expert of his or her own self (Wickman & Campbell, 2003).
According to Rogers’s theory, individuals are endowed with a basic motive, which is self-actualization. In this regard, depending on the environment, it is possible for individuals to realize their potential. However, it is important to note that, individuals develop their potential in unique ways and in tandem to one’s personality. In the model developed by Rogers and related to personality, people are considered naturally good and creative. However, individuals can become self-destructive in the event that they develop a low self-concept and as such, it is important for individuals to develop in a state of congruence. This means that self-actualization is influenced by an individual’s ideal self-being in congruent with an individual’s self-image (actual behavior). As noted by Rogers, one is self-actualized when he or she becomes a fully functioning person and in most cases, the major determinant of self-actualization among individuals, is their childhood experience (Moon, 2007).
During human growth and development, the “self” develops because of the interactions an individual has with other persons. Conversely, ...
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69). Jung’s mother was powerful woman but suffered from emotional disturbances (Engler, 2009, p. 69). Jung had developed interest in religion and spiritual matters right from childhood but never discussed it with his father due to difficulty in communication between them (Engler, 2009, p.
The present elucidation focuses on Maslow’s theory in order to understand how human personality is evolved and shaped by the needs. This theory focuses on both extrinsic and intrinsic factors that shape human personality (Woolfolk & Daiz-Ric, 1995). In the present context, this theory will be explained in brief along with highlighting the background of its origin; further, its application in different fields will be identified before concluding with personal opinion about the theory.
The child seems to have been suffering from Borderline Personality Disorder prior to his death and this may have been brought about by feelings of worthlessness and neglect by his otherwise abusive parents. The investigation also concludes that the parents are also suffering from Borderline Personality Disorder but they were not able to deal with their own issues and hence they may have unconsciously acted harshly upon their child.
Individuals attach meanings to feelings and experiences and based on those subjective meanings, they develop personality, rather than being born with a specific personality framework indicating there is no predetermined pattern or structure of personality development.
No external reality can be proven. Rogers stands out in his field through his determination to apply this belief to therapy. His person centred counselling focuses on the individual in the client and treats them as the most important source of information about themselves.
This theory focuses on both extrinsic and intrinsic factors that shape human personality (Woolfolk & Daiz-Ric, 1995). In the present context, this theory will be explained in brief along with highlighting the
committed suicide because he must have been a typical case of Borderline Personality Disorder, and his own parents as well may have had the same type of psychological disorder prior to his suicide and this must have unconsciously made them cause their own child’s death.
According to Freud’s Theory, development of personality is informed by interplay of factors which are both instinctive and environmental during early infancy. The behavior of parents therefore influences whether one develops normally or abnormally and as such
Human personality has been found to determine the number of aspects of human life(Glassman & Hadad, 2013). For instance, humans are social beings and personality dictates the way they associate with other members of the human race. The personality of an individual is a major determinant on how a person also reacts to situations or other people.
From his research, he concluded that the daily interactions and relationships of an individual with people highly influence and shape their personality traits. Harry Sullivan mainly concentrated on the conception that was involved in the
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