This essay will address the role of gender orientation, social skills and individualism vs. Collectivism degree in learning process and cultural belief of an individual Moreover, the essay will summarize the importance of history in shaping an individual’s culture.
Cultural dimension theory of Hofstede is an important cross-cultural communication framework, proposed and established by Greet Hofstede. This specific framework describes the effect of culture of a society on the human values. There are six different dimensions in this framework. Individualism vs. Collectivism can be considered as an important dimension among those six dimensions. This plays an important role in shaping cultural beliefs of an individual.
This is the measure to which the social individuals are integrated into a particular group. People of European countries rank high in this list. On the other hand, people of Asian countries rank low in this list. People of Western countries believe in individual goal development, activities and achievement. On the other hand, people of Asian countries believe in collective work, collective performance and group achievements. It is the cultural trend, family orientation and family environment of individual that drive them towards specific approaches. Two different family structures can be identified in this world, such as joint family and nuclear family. The concept of joint family can be identified in Asian countries. On the other hand, the concept of nuclear family can be identified in several western countries. In joint families, family members used to take decisions collectively. On the other hand, in nuclear families, the head of the family used to take individual decision (Ibroscheva & Ramaprasad, 2008). These specific cultural orientations and guidelines are also followed by people in workplaces and several social institutions. Therefore, it can be stated that the degree of individualism vs. Collectivism ...Show more