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The Evolution of Teacher Evaluation in the US: History, Trends, Effectiveness and Future Challenges - Term Paper Example

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The Evolution of Teacher Evaluation in the US: History, Trends, Effectiveness and Future Challenges

This essay analyzes the evolution of teacher evaluation systems in the United States. The discussion includes specific examples from two districts, namely, the Midwest School District and South Central Texas School District. The final section provides some recommendations that will help educators design a better evaluation system for the 21st century. Introduction The incongruity of teacher evaluation is that it has the capability to significantly contribute to the growth and improvement of every teacher, but in reality it helps only a very few people. The capability of teacher evaluation is widely known. Almost all states mandate standard evaluation in compliance to the law and validate such mandates, partly, based on the obligation of teachers to improve. Most districts have collective bargaining contracts or rules specifying evaluation processes. In fact, numerous of the major educational reforms in the United States (e.g. career ranking, performance incentive/merit pay, etc.) are rooted in the belief that strong, effective evaluation processes can be formulated. ...
This essay, on the first part, discusses the history, trends, and effectiveness of teacher evaluation in the United States. The second part discusses the similarities and differences between two distinct district teacher evaluation. And the third part spells out the features of an ‘ideal’ teacher evaluation in the 21st century. Teacher Evaluation in the United States Teacher evaluation originated from the evaluative role of the school agencies of the 18th century. Evaluators were commonly school administrators, professionals, ministers, and other prominent people. In truth, administration as a role carried out by highly qualified experts was absent until after the Civil War (Nolan & Hoover, 2010, 2). Standard procedures of administration emphasized rigid regulation and thorough evaluation of school facilities and capabilities. This evaluative framework continued to thrive until the 19th century, when the function of the highly qualified school administrator had been instituted (Nolan & Hoover, 2010, 2-3). Administrators were assigned to the duties of supervising the curriculum, enhancing the effectiveness of instructional methods exercised by teachers, and assessing academic achievement and teacher performance. The efficiency theory of Frederick Taylor in the 20th century had a massive influence on the way administrators perceive their duties. This efficiency model, as implemented in schools by Franklin Bobbit, and colleagues, was regarded as one of the key factors that stimulated school administration processes in the early 20th century (Nolan & Hoover, 2010, 3). Afterward, the number of teacher performance measures increased significantly during the mid-20th ...Show more


Running Head: Education The Evolution of Teacher Evaluation in the United States: History, Trends, Effectiveness, and Future Challenges Essay Name Name of Professor Abstract Teacher evaluation programs have historically undergone various transformations, both in its goals, purposes, and philosophical values…
Author : novakuphal
The Evolution of Teacher Evaluation in the US: History, Trends, Effectiveness and Future Challenges essay example
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