view, the data will be recorded either by sound recording devices such as tape recorders, video recorders, phone recorders or be recorded down on paper. The collected data can then be converted to a soft t copy and be stored in computer hard disks, diskette, flash disk or on a compact disc. In case of questionnaires, the information can also be converted into soft copies that are then easily stored in the computers, flash disks, diskettes, compact discs and other portable storage facilities. The filled questionnaires can also be kept in files and folders in the office.
For the rationale of where to find the data, one needs to identify exactly the kind of data they want. This will lead them to where exactly they need to collect the data, for example, if the data is to be collected from a company, the one collecting the data can make a sample that will provide all the data required. The sample can consist of employees that will need to be interviewed or who will be administered with questionnaires in order to provide the required information. On the other hand, the data can be collected from the archives of the company in a case whereby historical data is required. Again, the one collecting the data can be able to make observational remarks and collect data through what they are able to see in the company as they walk around the facility. The most important thing here is to first make a sample of the population that you will collect the data from.
The rationale for the techniques of collecting data includes how to frame the questions that will be used in the questionnaire and for the interview as well. It is advisable for one not to make the each question so long with various sub-questions since this will confuse the respondent. The questions should therefore be short and precise, and the total interview time should not be too long to bore up the respondent. For observation, it is good to record the scene exactly the way it is or if you cannot do so, then one is