Conflict entails the clash between two forces, because of different expectations, beliefs and needs. In classroom situation, conflict represents incivility. This explains intentional behavior by students to negatively interfere with the learning or teaching process of others. Hence conflict manifests itself in several ways between various parties; for instance, class versus teacher, student versus teacher and student versus student. This paper illustrates three conflict scenarios. Firstly, conflict arises when student(s) contiguously challenges the authority and knowledge of the instructor; for example, inappropriately describing the abilities of the instructor. Secondly, conflict takes place when the student deliberately affect the classroom; for instance, participating in leisure discussions or being unprepared. Thirdly, conflict occurs when a student is impolite; for instance, insulting other students (Johnston, 2010).
There are several explanations to the conflict situation in the classroom. This reasons are; increased diversity of the student body, increased emotional issues among the huge number of students, increased success pressure, and the perception that education involves business transaction; hence they pay to achieve higher grades (Johnston, 2010). Students are not solely responsible for the conflict in the classroom. Studies have shown that instructors contribute significantly towards students’ incivility. For instance, an instructor who communicates ineffectively or inappropriately with students is more likely to experience disputes or heated disagreements. Also, an instructor who does not establish proper learning environment, may encourage display of resistance or arrogance by students. For instance, being unprepared.
Teachers can apply various techniques so as to minimize occurrence of conflict in the classroom. These techniques are; completing class inventory, having a classroom discussion, creating a ...Show more