This paper describes that Response to Intervention (RTI) describes a process that assesses how well students are able to respond to variations in the instruction.The approach gained credibility in the last decade as alternative to the criteria used traditionally in teaching students with special needs…
In 2004, Learning Disabilities (LD) Roundtable partnership was formed by various learning national organizations such as the National Research Center on Learning Disabilities and allied organizations and they defined the critical features of RTI process (Klotz, 2007). The roundtable asserted that instructional and behavioral support offered in general education must always be based on high-quality research. RTI process also calls for universal behavior and academic screening of all students to allow for identification of the students that require enhanced interventions and closer monitoring. An effective RTI process should also be implemented in a tiered approach informed by scientific research to meet the needs of each individual student. The other feature of RTI is that it relies on the collaboration of the staff at the school to develop, implement and monitor the intervention process (Suckla et al., 2008). The Learning Disabilities Roundtable also explained that monitoring of the progress of a student under intervention must be carried out continuously and objectively to assess whether the student is able to meet the defined goals (Suckla et al., 2008). RTI process must also allow for carrying out follow-ups to ensure that the intervention is implemented properly and in accordance to the required consistency. Furthermore, RTI process must allow for the documentation of the parent involvement and adherence to special education assessment criteria as outlined in the IDEIA 2004 and other state regulations. (Suckla et al., 2008).
Universal screening which is recommended in RTI and should be undertaken by school staff as an academic year begins to identify students who are not likely to meet the state grade level or the ones having emotional and behavioral problems which can negatively learning (Klotz, 2007). Universal screening is accomplished by either reviewing the current state test results or by giving academic and behavioral screening tests to students with a given grade. The students who score marks below a certain level are categorized as requiring specialized behavioral and academic interventions. According to Fletcher, Lyon, Fuchs and Barnes (2007), scientific and research-based instruction refer to particular curriculum and education intervention which have been identified as being effective, that is, it has been reported in ...
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(Response to Intervention-RTI Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words)
“Response to Intervention-RTI Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/education/70936-rti-response-to-intervention.
Inclusion of RTI in IDEA (2004) II. Benefits of RTI a. Universality of Application on Different Students and Groups b. Frequent Assessment of Abilities of Students c. Curriculum-based Implementation of RTI d. Evidence-based Implementation of RTI III. Disadvantages of RTI a.
The model is a replica of early intervention and prevention mechanisms aimed at offering to the different learners, especially those with special needs, the backup they need to succeed in education: to learn at the same rate and progress as other learners.
Traditional strategies of aiding students in improving their behaviours mainly involved parent conferences to inform parents of their children’s conduct with little intervention on matters pertaining to social records or even psychological evaluation of students.
The general fact is that children who do not show response to effective interventions are more likely to have biologically explained learning disability hence needs a special education process. The introduction of this program was in order for it to replace the ability-achieved discrepancy model that required students to exhibit their ability in academic achievement usually measured through grading and standardized testing.
This learning strategy is significantly related with the socio-cultural theory of Vygotsky and is adopted from construction where a temporary structure, a scaffold, is put up to aid in the building of another (Pol, Volman and Beishuizen, 2010). In other words, scaffolding is a metaphor used to describe the process by which an adult transfer of responsibilities for tasks to learners more often, young students.
It is a new model in education used in the United States which specifically functions as a special education identification method (Harlacher, Nelson Walker & Sanford, 2010, p.30).
RTI is composed of different levels of instructional supports
According to the research findings both models have their shortcomings some severe than others. The main thing to take under consideration with these models while assessing is that; each model has its own pitfalls, and the professional judgment should be the core principle in determining whether a student has a learning disability.
An A-B design was employed that involved scheduling a picture activity and reinforcing on-task behavior. By using time sampling, the student was observed for periods of 20 minutes each and assessed for each one minute time interval as to whether she was on or off-task.
Computer science and other subjects that are important in producing students that can participarte in the modern economy often involve algebra courses. Consequently, a poor foundation in the subject would undermine their ability to perform well in university education
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