Test anxiety refers to the resulting feelings of psychology, physiology and ways of conduct that are generated due to an individual being concerned about the short comings as a result of not being able to deliver the expected results in circumstances where they are being…
Every school-child has to undergo high-test standardized testing so as to move from different levels of education and to be compared to others from different regions. In this chapter, we are going to look at differences between high standard test and regular tests and the effects they impose on both the teachers and the students.
The author, Smith M.L, of the book ‘The Effects of External Testing on Teachers’, conducted an educational research, on the implications of conducting standardized tests in the school, for teachers. The main aim of the study was to find out if there exists some difference in the teacher’s psychological and emotional response when the regular classroom exams are conducted and the standardized tests (Smith, 1991). After the research, he found that there were some significant changes in both the teachers’ anxiety and psychological states, due to some effects impacted on them by these tests.
In the journal, ‘Psychology in the Schools’, the author talks of the anxious responses that students undergo due to high-stakes testing (Natasha, 2013). The authors’ talk of the anxious responses that students undergo during the time they face the standardized tests and the number of preparations they undergo so as to face these tests. In this journal, the authors say that students are more used to the normal tests than the standardized ones, hence the change in the responses towards these different tests.
In the book ‘Academy of Management Learning & Education’, the authors talk of the different preparation students can be given when facing the standardized tests (Dean & Joly, 2012). In the book, the author says that at times students become disengaged, lose their identity and have lowered morale towards learning. They address they way of handling the different situations created by standardized tests and different methods in managing learning and education.
The informal measures of text anxiety ...
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This situation made the No Child Left behind Act a reality. However, since its passage in 2001, it has been debated not only among experts but to its direct precursors as to its effectiveness in solving problems of drop outs among high school students. Teachers raised eyebrows if the Act would really address the problem of the increasing number of students failing to make it to the end of the school year.
However, in realization that the educational standard of the US is struggling to be at par with its international competitors, politicians have held certain assumptions as follows: • Students are unmotivated and need more immediate consequences tied to their learning.
Teachers and school staff have also been affected. This law has changed the previous manner in which money was delegated for educational purposes. Whether or not the impact of this law has been positive or negative is a controversial subject. The law was intended to improve academic performance.
However, numerous debates have come up on the validity of the standardized tests that the government came up with as a result of promoting learning among the learners. Dorn & Borman (2007) indicate that the accountability of teachers to contributing to performance is also questionable, in terms of the ‘No Child Left Behind’ policy.
The No Child Left Behind Program increases the special needs learners’ scores. The test taking environment of the special needs test takers is enhanced to fit the special learning needs of each diversely handicapped student. Indeed, the No Child Left Behind Act does not severely impact the special needs students by expecting them to do things that “Normal” Kids do, with the lawfully required accommodations implemented to bring out the special child’s learning potentials snugly implemented.
Inclusive education generally includes the educational approach and philosophy which targets at the provision of the all the students with community membership and wider opportunities for the achievement of the academic as well as social up gradation. Inclusion principle generates an environment in which all the students can feel themselves welcome and fulfill their unique needs and styles of learning to be valued as well as judged judiciously (The Promise of Inclusive Education, 2012).
As the NCLB enacts the theories of standards-based education reform which emphasizes the implications of setting high standards and establishing measurable goals, it can bring about fundamental changes in the learning outcomes of the students. According to this act, "states will be required to implement standards-based assessments in reading and mathematics for pupils in each of the grades 3-8" (Olivert, 2007, p 2).
These tests are used to measure the level and status of the student’s learning. It measures what the students have learnt and how.
The system of standardized testing was introduced in the era of the World
It is utilized to focus person accomplishment, development, and advancement. On the other hand, standardized testing was not generally utilized for literally the same purposes it is today, nor was it as imperative and as intensely depended on by our
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