This definition of curriculum stems from the proposition of formal learning, which considers it as an organized and systematic discourse. As such, curriculum becomes the distinctive feature that differentiates formal learning from informal learning. Learning is a process that demands certain systems and designs in order for it to achieve its set objectives. Due to its logical nature, the learning process entails the organization of knowledge in accordance with the objectives of interests of the students (European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2011). On this score, the learning process is considered as a needs-based discourse that takes place in controlled environments that are governed by specific procedures and order. In essence, curriculum development must relate to the objectives of learning as a systematic process that proceeds in sequence from a point of relatively lesser knowledge to the projected point of adequate knowledge. Curriculum provides the mechanics that enables the learning process. It provides the kinetic force that appropriates the learning process in accordance with the needs of the students (Kern et al, 2009). Alternative explanations contend that a curriculum is basically a plan that governs the learning process of the teaching process. This kind of explanation often considers curriculum as a document. In essence, curriculum is considered as a documentation that defines the limits and scope of the learning process in any given field of study. It serves as a guide to the teacher about the methods to be adopted in the learning process. It defines the boundaries of the learning process of a given subject in terms of the aspects to be included and those to be excluded from the learning process (Kern et al, 2009). The pursuit of the details in the curriculum helps the teacher to concentrate his or her focus on the pertinent issues that attach to the field of study (Subang, 2011). These issues are usually developed in line with the social, economic, political, and other forms of human discourses that have to be addressed by the study. This implies that curriculums must evolve with the changing nature of realities on which it is based. For example, studies in intelligence have often changed their curriculum in line with the changing nature of global insecurities. In the particular example of the United States, the military educational curriculum has undergone a determined shift from the cold war era to the modern age. During the cold war era the intelligence courses in the United States had their curriculum focussed primarily on the tensions between the United States and the Soviet bloc. The design of the curriculum was designed to be responsive to the needs of the society as they manifested themselves at that period. However, after the disintegration of the Soviet Union and the emergence of global terrorism, the curriculum has been changed in such a manner that there is more emphasis on the phenomena of global terrorism than on the threat posed by Russia. Legislations One of the most important legislations by the United States Congress was the Native Culture, Language, and Access for Success in Schools Act. This bill was sponsored by Senator Daniel Akaka in 2011. This act was primarily intended to level the field of education by recognizing the challenges faced by non-native American students and teachers in the learning process. Among other things, it directed states to lower the kind of
Education Name Institution Education Concept of Curriculum Education scholars and philosophers to explain the meaning of curriculum have put many concepts forward. A review of some of the definitions behind the concept reveals a shifting of meaning in relation of the changing nature of education across time and space…
As a result, in practice flexible workforce is difficult to create. The benefits of a flexible workforce are less number of salary bills with same number of employees in the time of economic downfall or less demand. 2- Discuss why subcontractors can often offer products and services to a company more cheaply than if the company produced them themselves?
Plato’s point of view was developed as it contradicted the idea of another philosopher, Socrates. As further explained, “Plato recognizes that the demand for a single account of virtue is not as uncontroversial as it is made to appear in the Socratic dialogues” (Irwin, 148-9).
The author examines the difference between an entrepreneur and an intrapreneur, analyzes three forms of management: management by a single proprietor, management by partners, and corporate management, briefly describes each form and explains the difference between an elastic market and an inelastic market.
It has been proven by many studies that a school environment can be very hostile for a vulnerable child. The ability to “belong” to a peer group can lead to undesirable tendencies in the child some of which will undermine its growth. Children coming
All these processes are well outlined in the article. For one, the author has described that protesters were against capitalism since large companies were exploiting customers in third world countries. This brings out the aspect of
Saint Exupery shares these values as he compares an architect to a poet, who corrects his poem after writing it until it is beautiful.
Their ideas are still relevant to date and continue to shape architecture. Architectural efforts,
2a. There is compete-qualifier framework in Northern Insurance, where the managers and the staff working in the underwriting department are competing against the TUFS system, which is being qualified by the IT department (Smith
A second idea is to employ uniform communication strategies across these chosen social media platforms, in terms of overall message, content, presentation, and targeted audiences. Other ideas relate to encouraging fan engagement through the social media presences. For instance, for idea three, promotional campaigns and incentives can be tied to fans recommending the furniture store social media pages to other friends/other people.
The different types of organization cultures in Rio Grande Valley make it close to an ideal culture, which has the capacity of maximizing its potential for success. The community in Rio Grande Valley provides a conducive environment for service providers to develop organizational interventions. Despite a history of an economically challenging economy, Rio Grande Valley is evolving into a thriving municipal center that is at the core of the international trade.
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