Business Assignment 4 Institution of Learning: Q.1 What is human capital and why is it crucial to expand human capital as part of the development process in developing countries? This is a measure of human value in the work place; it is the human employment in any firm…
This part of investment by any firm can defines any part of then organization labor ability and it is very essential for the productivity of any firm. To be noted is that not the whole world population is referred to as the working population but only that portion that is able, willing and working on agreed wage rate. In any developing country and economy work force is a necessity that is required to propel its growth. This makes human capital very essential as it is cheap and readily available in the developing countries (Becker, 1993). Q.2 Explain some of the reasons why developing countries have not realized a greater positive development impact from their higher education programs. In this context, why should the development of a solid elementary education system take precedence over an expansion of the university system in developing countries? Developing countries need a solid base for elementary education because majority of the jobs are not technical. Industries are not well developed and casual works are the basis f their economy. Higher education though needed is for the few who are only needed to supervise the majority who only require elementally education and knowledge. Developing countries can import these few university graduates but it will cost more if they were to do the same for the unskilled human work force (Becker, 1993). Therefore, elementary education should be invested for more by these countries. Like wise due to underdevelopment and poor governance productivity of these nations is poor and they heavily depend on imports thus their production is for raw materials. Q.3 In developing countries higher educational facilities have tended to expand to the point where social benefits exceed private benefits. What is the economic explanation for this? Due to poor governance and unplanned occurrences social benefits have exceeded private benefits as organizations and external investor try to compensated the void. This has diluted the gap making these organizations bend towards social benefits rather than have private motives. This has made an economic impact as there is investment in the education sector that is very essential in the growth of any economy. Furthermore, there is direct investment that is injecting money directly into the economy as well as offering employment to the citizens. These institutions also pay taxes directly to the central government and this helps in the management of the economy through government expenditures. Q 4.Explain how a better-educated population will also tend to be a healthier, and vice versa, that a healthier population will tend to be better educated. In this context, how can an increase in human capital lead to an increase in GDP? Why might it not lead to an increase in GDP? Educated populations will always be healthier as this adds to their knowledge, experience and time management. Good investment options can only be made through well thought ides and these skills require education in order for them to materialize. Higher education therefore contributes to a higher GDP for the developing countries as productivity is achieved and also by them using their own citizens cutting on importation of labor. However, this may not be the case if everybody acquires higher education as majority would not fit in their job description and as earlier stated the economies ...
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