Customized Learning Theory Name Tutor Institute Course Date Introduction A teacher working with students within the same age group quickly realizes that all students are unique based on personal interests, personalities, ability to learn and skills. Teachers have to understand these differences in order to decide wisely on educating methods and content that best suits all groups within the classroom…
The aim of this study is to examine the characteristics of gifted children in the school environment. The study will also look at the various elements of learning theories that relate to this group of children and further combine these elements to develop a hybrid theory that caters to the needs of gifted children. Characteristics of Gifted Children Gifted children learn faster, broadly and deeply meaning their intellectual ability is higher compared to their peers. Intellectual ability is believed to be innate and is not acquired through personal effort. Further, intellectual ability can be specific or general. An intellectually gifted individual for example maybe strikingly gifted in mathematics but lack the same strong skills in humanities or language. A combination of an adequately challenging curriculum and the necessary diligence to master learned skills often leads to academic success for the intellectually gifted (Eakin, 2007). Although intellectually gifted children are unique, they share some common characteristics within the academic environment. First, they have certain cognitive characteristics including, faster learning of materials, curiosity, widely diverse interest, reasoning ability, creativity, an excellent memory and a large pool of vocabulary. In addition, intellectually gifted students are perfectionists and often fear failure. Their intellectual capability makes them feel different and their superior vocabulary makes it hard to communicate with their peers hence they will have trouble forming social relations with their classmates. Further, gifted children are highly introspective and introverted and hold very high expectations for themselves and for others. Gifted children are also highly sensitive to their environment in terms of emotional and mental over-awareness (Eakin, 2007). The learning environment for gifted children is important as with other special needs students. Gifted students should be provided with opportunities to attempt new learning and develop their strengths in a psychologically safe environment. A modified learning environment provides gifted students with the opportunity for development and optimum growth. The social environment should also be supportive making sure that no one feels out of place and the students can establish trust with the teacher without the fear of being sanctioned. Moreover, gifted students should be provided with an opportunity to function at advanced levels of depth and complexity and their interests tied in with schoolwork. Gifted students tend to decline in performance if not challenged with abstract concepts, or presented with opportunities to go beyond what is offered in the regular classrooms. Gifted students that are rarely challenged lack confidence in their ability to perform well when presented with challenging learning tasks (Eakin, 2007). Learning Theories and Gifted Students Theories dealing with gifted children focus on the ability to adapt successfully to the environment and the ability to solve problems related to particular situations. Under the cognitive trait theories, Galton emphasizes two inherited traits whose abundance makes one intellectually gifted. The first trait is sufficient energy, which increases the capacity for labor. The second trait is sensitivity making the intellectually gi ...
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Hence, he asserted that learning can happen by observing others. His theory is also known as observational learning or modelling. The basic tenets of his theory encompass three concepts. Firstly, observation is very crucial in learning. This was evident in his popular Bobo doll experiment wherein children manifestly imitated the behaviour of other people (Sims, & Manz, 1982).
Ideally, this concept is based on three important perceptions. The first perception states that the time needed to complete a certain task or job eventually recedes each time it’s repeated. The second assumption states that the percentage of progress shrinks with an analogous increase in the volume of units.
It means that individuals can observe activities taking place then later on imitate the same behavior or activity accurately. The person who is being observed is regarded as the model and the process of observation and imitation is called modeling. The concept of social learning theory is to emphasize the role of observation and imitations as a means of learning new behaviors.
The paper tells that many theories have been proposed of cognitivism, behaviorism, social reconstructionism, critical pedagogy and constructivism in relation to educational technology. Going through such theories, an attempt is made to produce a customized theory of learning as theory and practical may be incoherent thus modification of theory is done to acquire the destined objectives
Readiness for instance, according to Thorndike’s Elementary Principles of Education, entails an eagerness (physical, mental and emotional) and strong purpose and desire to learn something or a particular subject/ topic on the part of the student. It is vital in the sense that an interested mind makes learning easier and fun, unlike when one has no interest whatsoever and therefore in my view applies directly to my current and future students (Thorndike and Gates, 1929).
Many theories exist that explain adult learning and the involved process. Knowles and Mezirow are examples of theorists who have offered based for understanding adult learning. Other authors have also incorporated the theories in simulated applications as is observed in films and novels.
According to the IACE, Tough started contributing information to education in 1965 and his work has helped others understand that adult learners have a different idea of learning, and it does not always center in academic learning.
Tough began talking about
Gaining knowledge began with learning different processes in the lab that were diverse to include even field work. In the entire session, I was actively involved in varied chronological ideas with the major one involving lab analysis. Throughout the sessions, it was evident that more and more results were acquired, and each time the results differed.
According to the paper, Customization, the organizations generally follow mass market standardization and industry standards in order to offer services. Service industry occupies an important position in the economy of the developing as well as the developed nations. Several studies related to the hospitality industry.
In the realization of the best ways to teach entrepreneurship and the whole process of educating the future company executives, business games are playing a critical role. However, in the learning process many theories
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