THEORIES OF CHILD DEVELOPMENT (Various Developmental Theories) Name of Student (author) Name of the University Professor's Name: Course Name: Date Submitted: Introduction Children are the hope of the future for they form the next generation. As such, they are given all the needed and proper care so they will grow up into responsible and active adults…
The child goes through certain phases in this development continuum with distinct periods in his life, such as toddler, preschooler, school aged and adolescent, to finally forming his own identity. The purpose of this paper is to examine some of the more popular theories on child development. Discussion Although psychologists have put forward many theories regarding child development, it is the purpose of this brief paper to limit the discussions to only five of the more prominent ones. A child development theory is a set of organized principles designed to help adults understand a child and thereby contribute to his or her development through caring and teaching. The theories can help adults on what are the best ways to teach a child based on the aforesaid principles in the hope they will work to the best ways of bringing up the child, molding his thinking and influence his behavior. Psychologists and scientists are not totally agreed on which theory is the best which is why there are many theories on child development. ...
The strategy is to show to the child good and proper behavior in certain situations so they will know how to act in each situation as they grow older and eventually become adults. A social learning theory emphasizes that actions of parents and peers greatly influence an action of a child where the child acquires new skills and gains knowledge by new information shown by actions. Observation, imitation and modeling are the ways by which a child learns something new. This development theory was propounded by psychologist Albert Bandura as a mixture of behaviorist and cognitive learning theories proposed by other child psychologists. He believed there is cause and effect between external and internal reinforcements such as pride, satisfaction and a sense of fulfillment in a reciprocal loop such as in forming their sexual identities (Bandura, 1986, p. 94). A teacher must exhibit at all times appropriate behavior as children will mimic him or her. Cognitive Development Theory – this theory considers the child as a little scientist who goes on his own active role to gain new knowledge. Cognition (the acts or process of perceiving, knowing and making decisions based on experiences) in a child follows four distinct stages, this according to its foremost proponent, Jean Piaget (1896-1980). These are sensorimotor stage (up to age 2), the preoperational stage (up to age 7), concrete stage and formal operational stage. His theory further states that learning is best done by doing, that is interactively and the play process. This theory is applied in most pre-school and kindergarten centers, where kids are taught to have logical and abstract reasoning through use of graphic visualization (Oakley, 2004, p. 13). Socio-cultural Development Theory – ...
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(Theories of Child Development Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
“Theories of Child Development Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/education/72527-child-development-theories.
May (2011) argued that the changes children undergo may be equated to the extent of their learning success, which in turn, is a function of the quality of practitioner training across an array of settings or situations where children are exposed to during their formative years.
But according to general view developmental periods can be classified like this: From zero to age of one month is newborn, infant period is between ages of one month to one year, ages between one to three years are toddler, preschooler is between four to six years, between six to thirteen ages is school aged child, and the adolescent age is between thirteen to twenty years.
How a child is moulded paves the way for its temperament and predisposition (Theories of Child Development and Learning). Children are highly inquisitive about their surroundings and about the things going around them. They want to know why they are in such a manner, they keep on asking questions in order to satisfy their quests.
The paper will also discuss some aspects of classroom and behavioral management and social theories of development and learning. Behavioral management is directly connected with social learning theory, beause the latter one used to be called behavioral theory. Every teacher has to provide child with all the possibilities.
One implication of having knowledge and understanding of child development is planning the best learning program that is appropriately suited for children in a specific stage of development. This paper will be exploring various child development theories.
However, approaches towards measuring cognitive development amongst infants and toddlers have been varied to the extent that suggestions’ proposing that thinking from these groups is significantly different from that of pre-schoolers and other young children (Chen & Siegler, 2000).
According to the paper child development theories are divided in number of classes depending on how the theories are articulated. Some theories are called grand theories; they try to explain every aspect of a child’s development. Others are mini theories that focus on a limited number of aspects on the child development process, which includes the social growth or cognitive growth theories.
Each theory viewed development to have occurred from either Nature or Nurture or due to an interaction of both. A knowledge of the development of the child is vital to educate parents, teachers, and to plan various educational policies .A critical analysis shows no policy is fully valid The Challenge here is to identify and accept positive features of these theories while discarding the drawbacks.
of which theory is more truthful, as Piaget’s theory is based on intellectual development, when Erikson’s model is based on psychological improvement of personality.
Central to the theory of Jean Piaget is the concept of equilibration, which is achieved through the
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