The researchers applied the social compensation hypothesis to argue that the lonely and society anxious children often turn to online communication in the quest to find new friends as well as be in touch with their families (Bonetti, Campbell & Gilmore, 2010). The hypothesis also explained that online forms of communication are an avenue for forming and maintaining relationships.
Data was collected quantitatively using a survey and questionnaires where the participants included the amount of time they spend online and the topics they discuss (Bonetti, Campbell & Gilmore, 2010). Convenience sampling was used to get the best students from the selected 626 students so as to get the best students that would give the correct information on the use of the internet.
The independent variable was the loneliness and social anxiety among children and adolescents while the dependent was online communications as a form of maintaining relationships with families, friends, and even foreigners (Bonetti, Campbell & Gilmore, 2010).
Data was gathered via the use of survey where the participants were subjected to a summarized version of the UCLA Loneliness Scale as well as an shortened gauge of the Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents (SAS-A) (Bonetti, Campbell & Gilmore, 2010). Students also filled questionnaires in their free time.
Chi-square analysis was applied to assess the statistical inconsistencies between the loneliness and social anxiety and regularity of the use of the internet for communication purposes (Bonetti, Campbell & Gilmore, 2010). ANOVA was also used to estimate the variances between the time used in online communication by the children with self-reported solitude and social apprehension and the students without (Bonetti, Campbell & Gilmore, 2010).
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