Diverse Disabilities- Asperger’s Syndrome Author’s Name Institutional Affiliation Abstract This paper considers Asperger’s Syndrome (AS) as a condition that has a variety of interventions and possibilities. Though this developmental disorder is characterized by a number of restrictions in several aspects, it is still achievable for a child with AS to have quality interaction with other individuals…
Moreover, it views inclusion as an avenue for advocating equality among learners with varied backgrounds. Hence, educators must possess the necessary knowledge and skills in teaching children with AS. There is also a need for collaboration with specialists, professionals, other teachers, administrators, and parents. There is a need for preparedness since there are several challenges to be considered. Fortunately, there are techniques and suggestions that can aid the teacher in creating an inclusive atmosphere. Report Introduction Asperger’s Syndrome (AS) was first explained in 1944. Hans Asperger was an Austrian pediatrician. However, AS was better known in the 1990s when researchers like Uta Frith, Lorna Wing, and Tony Attwood brought it to international interest. In 1994, it became standardized as a diagnosis. It is categorized under Pervasive Developmental Disorders in the DSM- IV. However, there are still doubts regarding its difference from high functioning autism or HFA (Holliday, 1999). “Asperger’s syndrome is a developmental disorder resulting in impairment in social interaction, communication skills and restrictive interests. The disorder can also include motor clumsiness and problems with handwriting and being hypersensitive to specific auditory and tactile experiences. There can also be problems with organizational and time management skills and explaining thoughts and ideas using speech” (Attwood, 1998, p.15). This syndrome may manifest in a child’s certain developmental stage. There is usually a decline of improvement before age 22. An individual with AS has delays in his socialization and communication skills. In particular, a 7-year-old child with AS faces various challenges such as: hypersensitivity in simple acts like shaking hands, difficulty in making friends, having some problems in school work like writing, arithmetic, as well as staying in the proper line, and carrying a conversation with someone. Many individuals could also be misdiagnosed or go undiagnosed since the symptoms are closely related to other kinds of disorders. According to Goble (1995), most students with AS are in regular setting classrooms and continue with their education with no professional help. Bauer (1996) also states that many are mistaken to have ADHD since a number of their characteristics are quite similar (Carrington & Graham, 1999). For example, both of these disorders have symptoms like difficulty in relating with others, delay in motor skills, and tantrums. Asperger’s has been known as “high functioning autism.” It is one of the disorders of the autism spectrum (Allen & Johnson, 2011). It has particular characteristics which may or may not manifest in all individuals. Since AS affects the nervous system, there could be challenges across the different dimensions. This business card of an individual with AS will let anyone know the essential information about the syndrome: “I have Asperger’s Syndrome, a neurobiological disorder that sometimes makes it difficult for me to speak and act calmly and rationally. If I have given you this card, it probably means I think I am acting in a way that might be disturbing to you. In short, Asperger’s Syndrome can make it difficult for me to: speak slowly, refrain from interrupting, and control my hand movements and my blinking. It also makes it hard for me to follow your thoughts so that ...
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Establishing the exact history of Down syndrome may not be easy, but one fact that indicates the disease has a long history is that, Down syndrome originates from a common error in a primary life process (Evans-Martin, 2009). This aspect alone makes it possible to predict that Down syndrome has existed as far as humans beings have lived on this earth.
Likewise, it is oftentimes the case that special education is lumped in and stereotyped as a type of remedial studies program for those that are simply unable to compete or grasp the same skill sets that other “more normal” students have the ability to grasp in a faster and more traditional manner.
These children need physiological (feeding, sheltering, dressing, guarding against disease and concupiscence), psychological (love, being loved, being accepted, learning, safety, being successful, getting attention, self-esteem, self-actualization, etc.) and social ( friendship relations, being a member of a group, social security, social status, independence, etc.) supports which are not generally satisfied.
The diagnosis rate of Asperger syndrome appears to be increasing. Recognition of Asperger syndrome as a specific disorder combined with the increase in diagnosis of the disorder places greater responsibility on those who work with and treat those individuals with the disorder to more fully understand and meet their special needs.
In certain cases this transfer is not successful and this leads to chromosomal abnormalities. These abnormalities occur due to different reasons such as radiations or chemicals. Primary abnormalities in the chromosomal structure are related to four classes which are deletions, inversions, translocations and ring chromosome.
The signs of autism can include repetitive behavior in children, lack of communication, lack of understanding and lack of self-esteem or confidence. These signs can be seen in a child when he is nearly 3 years old and the parents can easily diagnose it. Autism can be further classified into Aspergers Syndrome and high functioning autism.
In our environment, it’s not all we see, that is actually what is there. Appearances are often deceptive. People appearing to live a small kind of life are sometimes great individual. The way people are dressed up might not actually depict the kind of person they are and personality is often faked.
Asperger Syndrome Name of Student Name of University Asperger Syndrome A few years ago, the television program, Boston Legal, had a young lawyer named Jerry Epsenson, who was nicknamed “Hands” by another character, Denny Crane, because he always had his hands down at his sides.
The Asperger's syndrome belongs to a group of neurodevelopment disorders, characterized as one of the autism spectrum disorders. The affected people have behavioral difficulties and use much of the sign language thus end up developing social patterns of interactions that can be difficult to understand, International Society for Research in Child and Adolescent Psychopathology (1973).
Specific techniques for helping the child with Asperger’s Disorder are detailed in both the social and academic areas of the child’s life. Diagnosing Asperger’s Disorder in order to effect treatment is suggested. Medications that
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