cussions around children’s cognitive development are concerned, it is important not to fail to mention the contributions made two important psychologists; that is Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky (Salkind, 2002). For a long period of time, the views by these psychologists have helped to shape the preparations that teachers often make in the process of their teaching so that they shape the process of effective cognitive development in the growing children.
When a teacher is making preparations to attend a lesson, he or she writes a lesson plan. The lesson plan is usually extracted from the schemes of work that the teacher writes at the beginning of a semester, term or academic period, (Salkind, 2002). During this vital exercise, the teacher will to a large extent apply existing cognitive theories in order to comprehend various needs for her children. This demonstrates the significance equipping teachers with the knowledge on educational theories and hypothesis.
This paper examines how the perspectives of Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky often assist teachers in their preparations for effective teaching. In addition, the paper identifies various strengths and weaknesses that the two schools of thought have.
While examining the process of cognitive growth and development in children, Piaget identified four main stages that individual often undertakes. The first stage he called it sensorimotor, which comes between the time of birth and two years (Saracho, 2007). The behavior of the child at this stage is limited to its motor activities and sensory perceptions. The second stage is preferred to as preoperational, involving ages two and six. At this stage, the child learns how to use language. However, the children do not understand the concrete and logical perspectives from other people.
At the ages of seven and eleven, the child reaches the concrete operational stage where he begins to think logically but often gets difficulties in understanding some of the hypothetical ...Show more