The Butler Act, also known as the 1944 Education Act, aimed at providing education for all school going children between the ages of 5 and 14. The Act stipulated that secondary education start at 11-years-old. In addition, it created a framework by which a ministry managed school affairs but the schools themselves were managed by Local Education Authorities (LEAs). However, the duration of school days, term dates, and the syllabus stayed under local management (Freedman, Lipson & Hargreaves, 2008:29). The Butler Act also included requirements for Church Schools. The schools were to be incorporated into the state system using various arrangements, and the operating expenses of the Church Schools were to be borne by LEAs but remaining responsible for religious education in the syllabus. Although not stipulated by the Act, the consensus was that grammar schools were to be retained by the creation of a Tripartite framework in which students were to be enrolled in three variants of schools.
Besides the grammar schools, there were to be secondary contemporary schools and technical schools. Grammar schools were to admit the most capable 20 percent of the students (determined using the 11-plus tests) and were better financed compared to other schools. In addition, most of the teachers held degrees (Gorard, 2009:105). Various LEAs employed different admission criteria, but majority implemented types of intelligence assessments – supposing that intelligence was uniform and estimable to the extent where an individual’s ability was known by the age of 11. However, numerous injustices soon became common. Grammar school slots were mainly fixed, implying that the challenges of admission to a grammar school deviated based on how many students were in a specific category.
Comprehensive schools intended to offer education opportunities to children from all ...
Cite this document
(“History and politics of primary education Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/education/751883-history-and-politics-of-primary-education
(History and Politics of Primary Education Essay)
“History and Politics of Primary Education Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/education/751883-history-and-politics-of-primary-education.
This paper endeavors to critically evaluate the role of markets in education in particular the researcher of this essay aims to choose one aspect of educational policy to examine. This paper also takes a glance at the ideological motivations behind government policies: The New Right-Neo-Liberal and Neo-Conservative Ideology.
Irish Catholics were under British Penal Laws forbidden to be taught or to seek education. With a fierce scholarly tradition dating back to Irish monks who, during the Dark Ages, kept alive western knowledge through the Codex, the Irish pursued the education of their children through clandestine Hedge or Pay Schools at the risk of severe punishment.
The sociopolitical events of the past century had prompted a paradigm shift towards teaching history starting from primary school students, using it as a tool to enhance the analytical acumen of its recipients. Traditionally, during the pre-globalization era, history was often taught to reinforce notions of ethics and values using historical figures and events.
Therefore, the evolution of British system of education, policy changes through the ages, the economical and social factors that affected education system in England etc, would make an interesting study.
The education system of UK was well evolved in comparison with other nations even during the colonial past.
Experiments in education have ranged from John Dewey’s experiments in 1916 to the Progressive Education Association to the equal opportunity concerns of the 60’s to progressive programs of today. Today’s technology has introduced programs such as distance learning, on-line learning, new laboratory techniques and research, and team teaching.
According to the report there is a British Home Education program, authorized by the government, for those who do not want to attend a regular school. The Home Education program should follow a structured curriculum that is appropriate for the educational development. The exact number of home schooled children cannot be determined yet.
The national school system was considered differently by the four main church groups; the Presbyterians opposed it, Anglicans were divided and most Roman Catholics were “benignly neutral” but those opposed set up the Christian Brothers system of education. The provision
Though, I will agree that taking data from literature is essential, but to have a piece of advice from a senior and more experienced colleague is even more efficient than just having some useful tips from the library. On the other hand,
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic History and politics of primary education for FREE!