There is a spectrum of autistic conditions and they are disorders of development, not ’psychoses’ (Wing L. 1996, p. 23). Autistic Spectrum Disorders DSM-V The American Psychiatric Association has re-organized the diagnostic criteria for autism. In DSM-IV (The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders), autism was broken into five different disorders under the spectrum. Autism, Asperger’s Syndrome, Pervasive Developmental Disorder - Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS), Rett's Syndrome, and Childhood Disintegrative Disorder were separated with unique diagnoses for each. In DSM-V, which is due out in May of 2013, places four of the disorders under the umbrella of Autism Spectrum Disorder, with Rett’s Syndrome remaining a separate diagnosis (Miller-Wilson 2012). The following reasons have been given for the changes in V: While it's possible to clearly distinguish the difference between people with Autism and those with neurotypical functioning, it's more difficult to diagnose the sub-disorders validly and consistently. Since all people with autism spectrum disorders display some of the typical behaviours, it's better to refine the diagnosis by severity than to have a completely separate label. A single diagnosis of AUTISM better reflects the current research about the presentation and pathology of autism (Miller-Wilson 2012). The previous criteria for diagnosis were defined by language challenges, social deficits, and stereotyped or repetitive behaviours. In the new version, communications and social deficits will be identified for one criterion and repetitive or fixed behaviours will be used for the other criterion (Miller-Wilson 2012: American Psychiatric...
This course of study provides some hope in clarifying the nature of the syndrome and the way in which to find a workable treatment as for the time being, nothing has been found to directly confront the disorder. Pupils with autism are at risk for bullying during inclusion. Because they are integrated with students who may not have similar difficulties, they may be targeted because of their social limitations and treated with a lack of dignity or respect, or even become the victim of violence.
This essay makes a conclusion that it is estimated that approximately sixty per cent of children with autism will become dependent on their parents in all aspects of life despite these interventions. The use of eclectic programmes can be problematic because human nature will dictate that a teacher will use what is easiest and familiar rather than those time consuming, but more effective programmes that the teacher has yet to train to use. Autism is clearly a difficult and very individuated disorder in which the various manifestations of the disorder vary widely from child to child. Interventions clearly need to be individually designed, but that is a difficult prospect for the school system because of costs and available trained staff. The Lamb Report sums up the needs of the people in that accountability, individual attention, and the input of the parents need to be established in order to increase confidence in the educational care that the state is providing for children in all levels of education, but specifically in the post primary school level.