However, these INGOs have been reported to face ethical challenges when executing their operations in different countries due to various reasons. This paper explores one of the ethical dilemmas these INGOs encounter. To achieve this goal, the paper utilizes scholarly works on human rights and humanitarian INGOs that are currently available.
Some of the ethical dilemmas encountered by the human rights and humanitarian rights INGOs include: the ethical limits of raising funds, decision to collaborate or not to collaborate with governments, the decision to expand or limit their mandate in different territories, and conflicts that arise between local cultural norms and human rights (Bell & Carens, 2004, p. 303, 309,320, 324). For the purpose of this paper, the conflict between human rights and cultural norms is discussed in detail.
Bell and Carens (2004, p. 303) observed that the majority of the humanitarian and human rights INGOs have their central location in western nations. It is from these headquarters where they coordinate most of their operations across the globe. Due to the limited knowledge on the culture, economic standing and language these INGOs have on the people they are to serve in some of the distant countries, they are faced with difficulties on how to effectively structure their typical operations and organizational management to meet these people’s needs without creating a conflict of interests (Bell & Carens, 2004, p. 303-304). Tolerating clashing beliefs, challenging local cultural norms, and revisiting the basic roles and practices of the Human Rights INGOs are some of the mechanisms that Bell and Carens suggest to help resolve this dilemma.
Tolerating Clashing Beliefs. Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), described by the World Health Organization (WHO) as the procedure that entails removal of part or whole female external genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for