Children Families and Communities Community Violence And International Conflict Author Institution Children Families and Communities Community Violence and International Conflict Introduction Despite the many researches in community violence like economic, social and the structural organization of neighbourhoods, there is a greater need to study community violence at community level…
This essay reviews the violence and community and international level. Community violence exposes children to emotional and behavioural problems and perpetrates violence. Intervention to prevent vulnerability to violence improves the life chances and reduces violence in vulnerable communities. Community violence causes aggression, depression and anxiety among children in the community (Garbarino, Hammond, Mercy & Yung, 2004). Factors increasing risk for exposure to community violence Research shows stressful life events, behavioural problems and the family characteristics as some of the risk factors exposing children to community violence. 1. Living in lower socioeconomic areas The presence of socioeconomic resources exposes children to community violence and aggression. Historically, the African Americans are affected disproportionately by unemployment, poverty and exposure to community violence. African Americans, especially male youths, are affected significantly by the juvenile discrepancy and the gun crimes. People living in low socioeconomic areas may be adversely affected by the community violence (Spencer, Fegley & Harpalani, 2003). 2. Being from a minority group Ethnic minority are disproportionately affected by violence. ...
3. Exposure to domestic violence Children exposed to domestic violence exhibit behavioural disorders like delinquency and aggression. Domestic violence causes mood and emotional disorders like anxiety and depression, and the posttraumatic symptoms of stress like sleep disturbances. Domestic violence such as sexual assault leads to sexual abuse in the community. A child interprets domestic and community violence as unsafe world, and the ‘unworthiness’ for protection in life. This engenders helplessness and leads to negative perceptions. The posttraumatic stress disorder exposes the child to community violence because they impair behavioural and social functioning (Voisin, 2007). 4. Parental substance abuse Substance abuse by parents expose children to unpredictable behaviours. Behaviour changes from loving to withdrawal that causes chaos in the community. Despite of the sufferings that these children go through, the parents are to blame for the substance abuse. Children from families that abuse drugs are under constant fear of physical violence or incest. The youngsters suffer from the post-traumatic stress, anxiety, depression and war crimes. Parental substance abuse affects the normal child development exposing youngsters to mental, physical and health problems (Sheidow, Gorman-Smith, Tolan & Henry, 2001). 5. Communities low in social capital The low social capital exposes children to community violence due to the reduction in accessibility to social resources, dysfunctional families and the overall fearful environment that substitutes the participation and cooperation in the community. Poverty and community violence is mediated through the availability of social institutions (Voisin, ...
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(Children Families and Communities Community Violence and International Essay)
“Children Families and Communities Community Violence and International Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/education/76656-children-families-and-communities-community.
The objective of this research are to examine the factors that cause young people to get involved in violent crimes and in youth gangs in Britain; to evaluate the effects of the youth gangs and youth violence on the various components of the British society and to analyze how stakeholders can come together to help the British society to control and eliminate the problems of youth gangs in Britain today.
There are different forms of isolation, some of which are: (1) disability of a parent or a child, (2) culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds, (3) living in rural and remote areas, (4) one or both parents being incarcerated, and (5) living in poverty (or homelessness).
People sharing different perceptions or beliefs of the nature mentioned above have at times had to defend their beliefs from their opposers whom they consider enemies due to their ideological inclination. In this sense then war has been a weapon for fighting against enemies.
The societal violence in the United States has enveloped family lives as well. Violence creeps quietly and firmly into living rooms via television and its contents. This source misguides its viewers in adopting unrealistic and cinematic use of violence in real life situations in homesteads and outside.
Violence against women and young girls takes place in the streets, in schools, at the work place, at home, in firm fields or even in refugee camps in times of crises and conflicts. It includes several manifestations such as the most universal prevalent ways of domestic as well as sexual violence and such harmful abuses like abuse during pregnancy, honour killings and other femicide (UNIFEM, 2010).
Women and girls are more likely to be the target of sexual violence, especially rape and other forms of sexual abuse against women. Women face extra, sometimes insurmountable obstacles to obtaining justice