The articles contained in the chapter by Mertler & Charles (2011) major on identifying substance abuse issues in high schools. The author of the article does not take account of the purpose of the research; rather the author goes ahead and writes on what the survey depicts. The purpose of a research is vital since it acts as an eye opener to the readers on what the survey research focuses on, and thus the reader can follow through easily. Organization In the article on maternity deaths, the organization of ideas is clear; the author gives the heading, clearly outlines the purpose of the study and then writes an abstract followed by the body which gets segmented into various subtopics. The body has the various methods of data collection, the results and analysis of the results. Mertler & Charles (2011) then stipulates the problems experienced during the research study and gives a brief conclusion. The author in the provided article on drug use by high school organizes the research work systematically. Though the researcher does not give the purpose, there is a clear introductory statement. Organization of any survey research is vital since it helps readers to capture every detail included in the reading. Data collection and analysis Considering research on the drug use by high school students, the data is outlined in terms of the percentage levels. The author, for example, states that 35.4 percent of students in 10th grade used drugs while the students who used drugs in 12th grade constitute of 48.6 of the student population. This is seen in the research on maternity deaths, and it helps when coming up with the discussion to act as evidence that the information is authentic (Mertler & Charles, 2011). Conclusions The authors have different ways of concluding their research. The author in the American Journal gives a brief discussion of the research and declares the research relevant while the author in the chapter reading concludes by giving future guidelines on alienating the vice. Both conclusions are vital to ensure that all information is included and renders the research relevant. According to Mertler & Charles (2011), correlational research involves observations by a researcher regarding to a previous situation and in this research there is no intervention from the researcher. In other types of research, researchers manipulate the current situation and check the results of the preliminary manipulations. When dealing with intended results, correlation research identifies the association between two factors or more than two factors while other types of research concentrate on the learning of how changes in a factor affect another factor. Other types of research focus on exclusive types such as experiments for experimental research while Correlational research deals with case studies, survey research, naturalistic observations and archival research. In experimental research, as well as quasi-experimental research, the researchers need to perform actual experiments so as to get exact results regarding the experiment. This implies that the experiment conducted especially in research laboratories forms the basis for the data sources. Though data from previous research may be useful, many researchers who want accurate and authentic results prefer to carry out their own experiments but also use the previous results as reference points for their experiments. Actual
Survey research Name Institutional affiliation Tutor Date Survey research Introduction The selected survey research is the research on maternal deaths and HIV published in the American Journal on Health. To make a comparison with the content of the reading chapters, there is the need to consider various perspectives in the two articles…
The basic aim of a qualitative research is to provide an in-depth understanding of all issues related to the topic to the reader instead of just providing an overview or a general idea of the research. Qualitative form of research is more concerned with the social and behavioral aspects of the issues.
However there is a third approach known as the mixed method study that combines the approaches of both qualitative and quantitative approaches. Quantitative research is sometimes termed as positivist or empiricist approach that entails the systematic investigation of different phenomena through the use of statistical and computational techniques (Bockmon & Rieman 1987)..
Contextually, qualitative research is defined as a method of investigation engaged in certain different academic orders, usually in social sciences along with market trends among others. Qualitative research intends to collect in-depth knowledge of human activities as well as reasons behind such performance (Ospina, 2004).
The methodology used by the researcher appropriately distinguishes the course of an initially hypothetical study into fruition through a comprehensive understanding of the goal of the research which correlates to the results. The choice between using quantitative and qualitative instruments in scientific research had been historically lenient to a quantitative process rather than a qualitative measurement.
For instance, Dingley (2012) argues that substance abuse does not always lead to addiction. He points out that many tribal societies use hallucinogens in ceremonies, yet never become addicted to these substances. Dingley
One of such influences can be identified with reference to the dressing style of people within a society, which is also recognized as a key result of the transformations of the modern era. Therefore, the rise of modern era within the society is considered as
In practice, there are primarily three types of research methods used in collection of data and gathering of information pertaining to a study question under analysis. These three methods are qualitative, quantitative and mixed research methods. In essence, quantitative research is suitable in the collection and interpretation of variables.
The sub-questions approach should be suitable for a research paper regarding Green Logistics Chain and Issues. This is because this topic is vast and does not cover a particular scope. When the topic is subdivided into various specific questions,