6. From Integration to Inclusion
7. The process of inclusion
8. Responding to the Difference
10. List of references.
In this essay I will be examining the difference between integration and inclusion related to special education needs provision in the UK. I will start with a brief introduction of its history and developments and end with the discussion itself.
History of Special education needs
The history of special needs dates back decades ago, but the documented cases were evident in the beginning of the 20th century where ideas about the provision of education for children with special needs were based on a medical model of ‘defects’. This model was mainly focused on difference rather than nor¬mality, on illness rather than well being, and particularly on the ‘problem’ with the child (Lewis, 1999). Deficit rather than potential was used to categorize children with various needs. Therefore, the special education needs began with the establishment of separate special schools for children with special needs and required an extra care.
The educational reforms of 1944
In 1944, significant educational reforms were developed; most of them were targeted to cater the educational need of each and every child. This educational act also addressed the needs and requirements that were thought essential to fulfill the emerging need for special education. ...Show more