B.F. Skinner and Operant Conditioning - Research Paper Example

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B.F. Skinner and Operant Conditioning

Subjects opt for alternatives that result to low risks. Choice introduces self-control where the subject learns how to wait for better rewards instead of settling on immediate smaller rewards. A reinforcement schedule delivers reinforcement to an organism according to a predefined rule. Food is a common reinforcement used to condition hungry rats and pigeons. The schedule delivers the food for a switch closure as a result of a lever press or a peck. Similar experiments have been conducted on humans and the results are similar to those from animals. However, human beings have resulted into a wider range of adopted behavioral strategies compared to animals. A time-based schedule is the most effective where the reinforcement is delivered after a fixed or variable time period. A time marker or the reinforcement is utilized in time-based schedules. Trial-by-trial versions are also utilized during conditioning. For example, in the fixed interval schedule, an inter-trial interval precedes each trial and extra-empty trials where no food is given to the rats. In operant conditioning, the acquired behavior is reversible and can only be repeated when the reinforcement is available. ...Show more

Summary

Operant Conditioning Name Institution Tutor Date Operant Conditioning Operant conditioning is behavior acquisition that is controlled by its consequences. The behavior is reversible depending on the reinforcement schedules. Empirical studies and theoretical approaches have classified operant behavior into two classes of interval timing and choice…
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