It is argued that the model of NNS and NS is limiting to language by undermining the capacity of students to a language and placing them as those who can never level up to the standards of that given language where they are placed as NNS.The progressive approach emphasis on NS as the only model to teach language is indeed constraining to other students of speech that are second learners. It is possible according to scholars such as Prodromou 1997 to incorporate learning into both NNS/NS structure as a mixed method of delivering speech learning in order to aid improvement among students that are nonnative English speakers. The second point regards the use texts and material selection in the process of educating learners of a second language a subject or various other topics. Like the NS/NNS model, it is a limiting factor to learning speech when texts are sort for educative purpose by the ‘level’ of students in question which does not refer to their academic grade but language learning ability. This method emasculates speaking corpora in different students and learners of second language. Teachers should therefore incorporate better methods of text selection that are based on grade levels of the education system and not assumed capacity to learn a second language. The effects of text selection in this case are clear in a psychological aspect that convinces the learners that they are weak and will require more activity to be as good as others or may never be good enough (Coady 1997). Encouraging learners like this of their capability is a step in motivating them to be better. It helps them achieve exactly the same levels of linguistic knowledge as a native speaker. In any case, even native speakers have to learn their own language structure just to emphasize on its literature. Undeniably, native speakers have an upper hand over nonnative speakers in second language learning. Even so, they should cooperate to ensure the nonnative speakers become better by mixing both conceptualizations in order to educate them to the same extent. In the mixed context, books and text selection are less biased against nonnative speakers. Further into communicative approach in learning language is to address the issue of speaking and spoken language. Speaking a second language than just studying it as a spoken language is relevant in enhancing knowledge where the learners are concerned. Teachers and students should use actual speech pieces in the education program to ensure that second language is indeed and in depth acquired. Real speech enhances a student’s natural capacity to acquire a certain additional language apart from which a second language cannot be acquired comprehensively. Students should also be examined on their spoken language output in order to create evaluation of the material they obtain and the extent to which it is obtain within certain periods of time provided by the educator. Education should also be enhanced through Discourse Completion Tasks that enable the student too understand widely use of various speech and patterns in the situations given. The discourse may as well be used accordingly with consideration of the learner’s use of knowledge and experience previously. DCT is an important aspect of spoken
Name Tutor Course Date This essay seeks to illustrate and expound on the communicative approach as the current progressive approach to second language learning. It can be evaluated on the platform of what it delivers and the manner with which it delivers second language teaching in the following aspects of language; nonnative and native speaking paradigms…
According to the paper Critical Pedagogy is a philosophy in education. The theory ensures that the learner recognizes any totalitarian predisposition and uses his knowledge to reach a practical action. Since the human brain learns through the immediate environment, the philosophy advocates for a fare acquisition of knowledge. The process and channels of learning should be non-aggressive, and in harmony with our consciousness of freedom.
What this paper reveals is two kinds of changes happening in the field of pedagogy. One is a shift from traditional pedagogy (teaching method) based on teacher-centred learning to one where the focus/control of learning is the computer (forum and activities).
Reflection within nursing context is represented as ‘art of nursing’, which involves “creativity and conscious self-evaluation over a period of time” (Jones & Bartlett, n.d.). Reflective-based practices assist nurses in mitigating unique situations.
mainly concerned with research in these fields, and conclusively suggests that there is still a long way to go in terms of research for future development in these areas.
Similarly to Jenkins, Wiley and Lukes (1996) rely on extensive research in order to examine the impact of
But, it is significant to keep in mind that these are the standard based on the current paradigm. Now as paradigms have changed in scientific thinking (Kuhn, 1996) so have paradigms of teaching. If one admit that values are sets of principle that reflect the
Mendelssohn immensely influenced and greatly contributed to the German Enlightenment period and the formation of modern Jewish ideology. Mendelssohn’s notion of enlightenment has been a constant subject of
From this point of view, the theory-practice gap could be linked by practice, hence, getting closer to the ideals of nursing theory through nurses studying and applying research reports. The gap is as a result of the
It however provides a number of guidelines which can be used to implement successful teaching methods and programs. The basis of the communicative approach is in the theory that language is meant for communication purposes and
This paper will focus on and analyse Cummins’ 1986 empowerment theory and linked to related literature and observation and policy of present bilingual education in the UK. This paper will demonstrate an understanding of the policy and practice in the education of bilingual
12 pages (3000 words)Essay
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