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Discuss the influence of cognitive learning theories on educational policy and practice - Essay Example

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Discuss the influence of cognitive learning theories on educational policy and practice

Behaviorism The behaviorist learning perspectives started off in the early 1900s. They later became dominant at the beginning of the 20th century. The main idea used in behaviorism is the fact that learning consists of behavior changes due to the reinforcement, application and acquisition of associations among stimuli achieved for the environment and recognizable responses of a person. Many behaviorists are attracted in measurable changes seen in a person’s behavior. Thorndike, a most important behaviorist theorist, asserts that a response to an incentive is toughened when followed by positive rewarding effects (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, 2013). He goes on to assert that response to incentives become stronger by repetition and exercise. This learning view explained is akin to the programs of drill and practice. Skinner, one of the most influential behaviorists, projected his variant of behaviorism referred to operant conditioning. In his views, gratifying the right parts found on the more difficult behavior reinforces it and supports its recurrence. As a result, reinforcers have power over the occurrence of the preferred partial behaviors. ...Show more


Most Influential Theories used in Learning Instructor: Most influential theories used in learning Learning is one of the processes used in bringing together environmental and personal experiences and influences for enriching, modifying or acquiring one’s skills, values, knowledge, attitudes, world views and behaviors…
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