Thus, it is essential that the children and young individuals diagnosed with autism are provided with necessary supports by their parents, teachers or any other individuals associated with them. This paper deals with examining the role of parents in supporting their child with autism in mainstream education. Explaining Autism Autism can be related with behaviourally defined condition that is caused by various known and unknown biologically centred brain disorders which severely affect the development of brains’ ability to effectively handle information. In other terms, autism is considered as a neurodevelopmental disorder (Zander, 2004). According to the National Institute of Mental Health, “Autism is a group of developmental brain disorders, collectively called autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The term "spectrum" refers to the wide range of symptoms, skills, and levels of impairment, or disability, that children with ASD can have” (National Institute of Mental Health, 2011). The intensity of its symptoms is perceived to be varying on children. Some children are moderately impaired while others may be severely impaired by its symptoms (Fombonne, 2003). The people with autism have been identified to share certain similar symptoms such as highly focused interests, problems with communication, social interaction and repetitive activities (King & Bearman, 2011). Furthermore, it is recognised that there has been a rapid increase in the number of children diagnosed with autism. It has been ascertained that autism has emerged to be more common than it was perceived previously. The recent publications dealing with Autism...
This paper stresses that autism is firmly related with collective brain disorder which is known as autism spectrum disorder. Children and young people diagnosed with autism face severe lifelong impacts due to this medical condition. However, the intensity of autism symptoms may vary from one individual to the other. Usually, autism can be related with impairment in communication, imagination and social interaction. In general, it has been identified that autistic children suffer from mental retardation. In this relation, Morton has illustrated three models namely biological, behavioral and cognitive under which autism can be associated and defined. It has been stated that over the last few decades, autism prevalence has dramatically increased in the UK.
This report makes a conclusion that the role of parents’ involvement for autistic children in their mainstream educational environment has been perceived to be of great importance. It has been identified that parents in partnership with schools can act effectively in changing the behavior of autistic children and thereby they can assist in improving the life of autistic children and young people. In the recent times, the UK government has initiated several policies in order to seek significant engagement of parents towards the mainstream educational environment of autistic children and young people. The author declares that there have been significant parental support strategies that are taken in order to mitigate the problems and issues related with learning and development of disabled children.