Proposition 203 - ENGLISH LANGUAGE EDUCATION FOR CHILDREN IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS Name Institution Question 1 The Arizona Proposition otherwise known as English for Children is a program that 63% of the voters in Arizona passed on November 7, 2000. This is a piece of legislation that limits the amount the forms of instructions made available to an English Language Learner (ELL) student…
However, this is not the same case for the students who are “English Learners” and they need to receive their education via a sheltered English immersion curriculum during the critical transition period. These programs provide all the necessary classroom materials and instructions in English, but also encompass the application of the pupil’s indigenous language when requirement comes. The transition period lasts for approximately a period of one year, but it does not go beyond this threshold. After the child acquires a good and working knowledge in English, the administration moves the student to the regular class to continue with the rest of the gang. This allows guardians or parents to have the ability to apply for waivers from involvement in English immersion classes if their children already have a deep sense of English, or if they have special needs. This adversely affects the way that teaching occurs in the classroom. Teachers are well aware of the challenges they have to put up with and this means that they need to improve on how they deal with their students. The teachers modify their syllabuses to cater for these children as it is important to note that children have different needs and the role of the teacher is to treat each child respectfully and mold the best for them to attain their full potential (Olivia & Bernard, 2012, p. 377). The Flores Consent Decree A consent decree is a stipulated judgment that plays the role of memorializing a charitable agreement between concerned parties to a filed case in revalidation for withdrawal of a criminal charge or in other words to end a public litigation. In the classic consent decree, the defendant agrees to the case or has already ceased the conduct suspected by the plaintiff to be illegal and also consents to a court injunction that bars a repeat conduct in the future. The Flores Consent Decree argued that the programs initiated by the government did not receive sufficient funding to carry out their roles and the Department of Education failed immensely in ensuring that schools provided necessary and adequate programs. The five main provisions for the decree included the quality of programs, standards for English proficiency, compensatory instruction, IEPs, and monitoring exited students. These were the crucial areas the decree decided to focus much of its attention. The provisions necessary for the implementation of the decree included uniform standards vital to determining English expertise, comparable curriculums for English students, compensatory instructions for students who do not show any signs of progress and regular supervision by the ADE. In a nut shell, the Flores declaration involved mandates that referred to the identification, evaluation, reassessment, instructive services and program observation for English Language Learners educational programs in schools. However is imperative to highlight the fact that once the parties enter the agreement, it is almost impossible to review the terms and conditions except in cases where they establish one of the parties obtained the decree by fraud (Ariz, 2005, p.77). Excerpts from Lau v. Nichol Lau v. Nichols (414 U.S. 563 of 1974) was a civil liberties case ...
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Garcia and Baker (pp.89) indicate that over the years, Bilingual Education underwent massive changes. Some of these periods were smooth sailing, while others were extremely difficult to handle. The United States welcomed numerous immigrants into the country from the twentieth century.
For the student who speaks only a minority language, bilingual education is a controversial program that not only enhances their education, but also benefits society as well.
Bilingual education is not a recent development in America. As early as 1839 Ohio enacted a German-English program to teach immigrant students.
At the current trend, English has the potential to become a minority language in America by the year 2050 (Crawford, 2005). However, these figures need to be taken into context with the fact that the number of ethnic students who also speak English very well is also on the rise.
In fact, between 1980 and 1990, there were about 59% immigrants who did not speak English and 93% of this portion rose to spoke English very well (Waggoner, 1995).
In June 1998, voters in California were asked to consider initiatives to ban the use of foreign languages in the instruction of younger children with limited English proficiency that added sparks to the already controversial issue.
However, his brilliance, does not equate to his being right about the lack of need for a bilingual education. Even though his argument against bilingual education is based on personal opinion, rather than scientific fact, Rodriquez is neither a fool nor dupe.
By realizing the need and importance of bilingual education and considering its pros and cons we can develop better understanding of the issue. Debates about the advantages and disadvantages of bilingual education were initiated from the Civil Rights Act (1964) and
This is because they will experience recognition together with having equal share of the offered education, especially for their children. The issue has proved to be controversial to the States. They feel that foreigners in the States are using force with
Proposition 227 is a law passed in California in 1998 whose main objective was to ensure all children in public schools be taught in English. According to the proposition, English learners whom it defined as children whose native language is not English would be placed in temporarily in transition classes for a period not exceeding one year.
All that a student requires is the willingness to learn, exposure to native or fluent speakers of the language and a positive attitude towards acquiring the required language skills. Learning a second language can be made simple. It is like learning the first language a
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