Universities and colleges that are in the middle class are torn between these extremes. Universities in the top strata have become a preserve for the minority few who are affluent. Attending universities like Harvard has been left to the few who can afford to pay the exorbitant fees. The divisions arising in institutions of higher learning have come to be viewed as a show of might and class, as well as a means by which the American plutarchy duplicates itself. Donoghue (nd) notes that top strata universities’ one year tuition fee is more than the average income of American citizens. Universities in the middle and bottom classes are continually grappling with budget cuts as the government strives to sustain the budget in times of economic downturns. Budget cuttings have severe implications for public colleges and universities as universities have to raise their tuition fees, reduce spending or both, in a bid to cover the gap. Cuts on higher education funding by the government have resulted in increased tuition across public institutions of higher learning. The acute increases in tuition fees have hastened the continuous trends of reducing college affordability and transferring the costs to students. Leachman et al (2013) note that enrolling for a four year course in a public institution of higher learning has momentarily grown at a quicker pace than the increase in average earnings for the past 20 years, even after tax subsidies and government aid. Reducing spending in a bid to match the budget cuts usually results in ways that lower the quality of higher education. Some of the ways in which public colleges and universities cut spending are such as closing some campuses, doing away with some course offerings, reducing services like computer laboratories and library. For illustration, following the budget cuts on public institutions of higher learning, Arizona university strategy to cut spending included closing its eight extension campuses facilitating distance learning, as well as cutting more that 2000 positions (Donologhue, nd). Public institutions of higher learning offer education to more that seventy five percent of the country’s undergraduates. Raising tuition fees and cutting spending have had negative impacts on the quality of education. Students are leaving school with huge public debt, yet find it hard to obtain a job. In addition, the top strata in United States system of higher education is resulting in half baked graduates, thus making employers spend more money in retraining graduates to match the job skills. This paper presents the shortcomings in the United States universities, opportunities for improvement, as well as recommendations on how to eliminate the shortcomings. Shortcomings Price sensitivity The earnings and incomes of majority of citizens have remained unchanged over the years, yet tuition fee increment rises at the same rate as inflation. This makes university education expensive and unaffordable to numerous households whose incomes remains stagnant while the cost of education keeps on rising. Demographic and economic pressures, as well as, heightened government inspection of higher education cost are resulting in slow tuition growth in many universities. Ongoing national government concessions results in further pressures on universities since a large number of students are dependent of government grants and loans, both of which are curtailed to a certain
Pros and Cons of Today's College Education Institutional affiliation: The current state of higher education in United States In the recent past, the state of higher education in the United States has been under the spotlight of deteriorating quality, high costs and turnover rates…
Outsourcing has become one of the most important management activities in recent years (Bromage, 2000). Due to changing business environments organization needs to adopt measures to lead to better quality of services and greater flexibility in management.
The term vaccination is used interchangeably with immunization. The issue of whether vaccinations are helpful or harmful is one that causes intense debate. It should however, be noted that vaccinations have eliminated the risk of over 16 major diseases in the past 20 years.
The legalization of marijuana is one such concept. Though the debate to legalize marijuana has been ongoing for over a century, it has only been in recent years that the argument has really picked up steam. It is now an issue that is being constantly being discussed, with both sides of the argument having equally valid and clear points of view.
Companies choose to outsource to avoid the pain of manufacturing in-house and reduce the cost of business while the risks involved in outsourcing are mainly lack of coordination, and linguistic barriers.
However, recent times have recorded an increase in the number of parents opting to circumcise their newborn male babies. What is strange is that most parents do so because their friends or relatives circumcise their babies or have pressurized them to do so.
Many segments of the experts are doubtful as to whether the harmful effects of marijuana outweigh the pharmacological good attributed it? Going by the fact that even drugs that are legal are tagged to pharmacological side effects, many people believe that the side effects attributed to marijuana are not that harmful as they are deemed to be.
It cannot be described as a process neither with a beginning or a clear end. Furthermore, it cannot be applied with certainty to all individuals across all regions. Globalization involves integration of the economy, transfer of various policies and regulations across borders, knowledge transmission, cultural stability, relations, reproductions and power discourse.
The importance of preschool education can be regarded as a widely discussed topic among the educationalists and the intelligentsia. There has been various studies supporting and refuting the role of preschool education; a
“Outsourcing refers to the process wherein a business contracts with a third party service provider to provide services that might otherwise be performed by in-house employees of the business” (“Outsourcing: Pros and Cons”). Companies
The nature of living things is that life always begins at conception thus any attempt to terminate the undeveloped creature is like committing murder. Therefore, abortion has the negative implication of taking innocent human life (Boyer, 2013). The implication is that abortion is always seen as the direct defiance on the sanctity of the human life.
2 pages (500 words)Research Paper
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