This term paper discusses therapeutic horseback riding and it's effects on autism. It also focuses on the question as to whether children suffering from autistic spectrum disorder who undergo therapeutic horseback riding report a change in their behavior and physical well-being. …
This paper examines the effects of therapeutic horseback riding as a mode of treating autistic spectrum disorders with a focus on its effect on the physical and behavioral aspect of the child under the treatment program. This study examined the symptoms and behavior associated with autistic spectrum behavior that may change when children suffering from it are placed under the therapeutic horseback riding as an alternative intervention in treating children with autism disorder. In getting the desired results, the research hypothesized whether therapeutic horseback riding is an effective method of treating behavior and symptoms associated with autistic spectrum disorders and the reaction of the children with such disorders. The question as to whether children suffering from autistic spectrum disorder who undergo therapeutic horseback riding report a change in their behavior and physical well-being as compared to the time when they had not undergone the therapy. Therapeutic Horseback Riding in Managing Autistic Spectrum Disorder According to a study conducted by Kern et al (2011) amongst forty one children suffering from autism spectrum disorders (ASD), children who participated in the therapeutic horseback riding as a means of treating autism had a reduced Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS) as compared to those who did not participate in the program. The study compared participants who either dropped before enrolling in the program while others completed the time under which they were on a waiting list period of three months. Others simply did not enroll in the therapeutic horse-riding program due to reasons or circumstances beyond their...
This term paper describes the symptoms of autism, that are unique to individuals and therefore should not be taken as general amongst those suffering from it. However, there are common deficits in the disorder such as delays in the social interaction of individuals, deficits in communication, absence of imagination and repetitive behavior that may go unrecognized by those suffering from the disorder. This term paper states that there is no single mode of treating persons with Autistic Spectrum Disorders nowadays, but there are several ways that have been proposed to suppress the symptoms and capitalize on the experiences and the results, such as therapeutic horseback riding. While there is a disagreement of a known method of treatment for this disorder, animal-assisted programs like therapeutic horseback riding has been proved and adopted as an effective method of treating or curing the autism disorder especially in children as it has demonstrated remarkable improvement in the behavioral problems and social activity. In conclusion of this term paper, the researcher recommends horseback riding as a therapy for managing autism as it has the overall effect of improving the concentration of the participant, his patience and tolerance and instills confidence in dealing with uncertainties and fears. This term paper also concludes some positive effects of improving communication skills by teaching the rider with ASD how to give instructions and express how he feels. ...
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This paper discusses the thesis: that animal-assisted therapy for children with special needs effectively assist in the effective management of these children’s condition and special needs. This study is being carried out in the hope of establishing a clear and comprehensive understanding of the topic through academic and evidence-based materials.
And I will not let what I cannot do interfere with what I can do” (Edward Hale, 1902). Introduction Social justice theory affirms that all individuals in society are entitled to recognition of their personal rights and liberties. John Rawls, a notable social theorist, argued that rights were a sacred and inviolable guarantee afforded to everyone in society, never to be curtailed or suppressed even in favor of securing the needs of the broader majority (Rawls, 2005).
This affliction is apparently linked with abnormal biological and chemical processes within the brain, but the nature of this relationship as well as the actual causal basis of autism remains unsubstantiated (Levy, Mandell, & Schultz, 2009). There is a high possibility that multiple factors contribute to the development of this disorder.
The article by Ingram et al. (2007) describes an empirical study of 30 elementary school children using a method called “The Playground Observation Checklist.” It starts out by pointing out that severe social impairment is the most prominent feature of autism, as defined using the DSM criteria.
A recent study by Glasgoe (1997) of the development status of 408 children between 21 and 84 months of age explored whether parents’ views about their children’s development would be as accurate as standard screening programmes in identifying a need for referral and found that this measure was “reasonably accurate” across the range of screening criteria, although there was some under-reporting in cases where parents did not speak either English or Spanish well.
The term pervasive developmental disorders describe a class of neurological disorders that encompass impaired social and communication proficiency, in addition, to monotonous behaviours. Literature on the disorder remains controversial among researchers, physicians, and the subjects diagnosed with Asperger's syndrome owing to AS multiple effects.
The most severe form of autism is the classical ASD, while other forms involve milder types such as the Asperger syndrome and Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS) (http://www.autism.com/). There are no specific demographics where ASD is more likely to occur.
Autistic patients may exhibit extra ordinary skills in some areas of learning whereas they may lack skills in other areas. Even though, many genetic factors are suspected as the major causes of autism, some
ase (it has risen to one in eighty-eight children compared to one in a hundred in 2009 according to 2012 statistics by the Center for Disease Control). The National Institutes of Health (NIH) Autism Centers of Excellence (ACE) has a research program that has doubled efforts to
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