In the year 2005, one of the major calamities to have ever hit the world dawned in some regions of America in the form of Hurricane Katrina. The most affected region was the south coast of Mexico in the cities of Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana. The effects were much alarming as thousands of people lost their lives, properties destroyed, and infrastructure brought down leaving people in a more devastating position. This caught the attention of the government; the accidents had become routine but in this case, the authority could no longer sit back and watch. The government instead appointed a group of Engineers from the army to carry out intensive investigation and recommendations. The research team comprised of two groups: the United States Army Corps of Engineers who were responsible for the actual field investigation and the American Society of Civil Engineers who were to carry out intensive review of the report by USCE (Harris et al, 2013).
Engineers are held responsible for the failure of protection levees because of the many engineering failures that had not been considered during the design phase of the project. During the construction of the levee, engineers failed to consider the strength of the soil with which the construction was to take place, and this triggered the occurrence of the shear pressure, since the soil was too soft to hold the infrastructure. This is attributed to the poor judgment of the site engineers who were laying the foundational analysis. Another factor