Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!

Life Cycle Assessment of Greenhouse Gas Emissions From Natural Gas And Biomass Power Plants - Literature review Example

Only on StudentShare
Masters
Literature review
Engineering and Construction
Pages 10 (2510 words)

Summary

This document provides a summary of the proposed research to assesses the development and use of a Life Cycle Assessment to investigate the environmental impact of the employment of natural gas and biomass to generate electricity in power plants. …

Extract of sample
Life Cycle Assessment of Greenhouse Gas Emissions From Natural Gas And Biomass Power Plants

The paper has examined the LCA of natural gas and biomass plants with and without CCS. It is seen that natural gas has much higher emissions and even with CCS, GHG are still high. Biomass has much lower emissions and with CCS, the fuel source is very attractive. However, biomass fuel is difficult to procure and costly to transport in bulk.
This paper gives the results from the literature review and a brief comparison of the two fuels is done to understand the manner in which they perform. CNG is highly commercialised and about 37% of power in the world is generated through CNG. Sufficient stocks are also available and the level of energy security is high. However, with biomass, the energy security is less and extensive use of wood, barley and maize for production of ethanol can lead to shortage of grain and can impact the food security. Development of transport and logistics technology such as refrigerated trucks and ships, pipelines and dedicated outlets have allowed this fuel to become portable. This means, natural gas mined in Nigeria is transported economically to Europe or even China. The author of the report this flexibility and ease of use is not possible with biomass. Compressed gas has a much higher GHG emission and more power is consumed in processing and transporting the fuel. Biomass has a much lesser amount of GHG emissions but the fuel cannot be transported economically over longer distance. Hence, it use is only in power plants in the area where plant vegetation and wood is available. ...
Download paper
Not exactly what you need?

Related Essays

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES IN COMMERCIAL CONSTRUCTION
Oil depletion makes oil extraction more difficult and expensive, which has forced many countries to search for alternative fuel sources and energy conservation strategies (US Energy Information Administration, 2009). Due to these threats, sustainability planning has become the primary agenda for the states who are facing an energy crisis and environmental problems caused by destructive human activity. Since sustainability increases the chances to survive in the context of a complex and changing environment, timely planning of activities to enhance alternative energy usage seems the most…
29 pages (7279 words)
The environmental issues associated with producing unconventional oil and gas
The US Government, federal regulatory authorities, the industry operators, NGO’s along with environmentalists are therefore engaged in discussions as to the best way forward into this relatively new field, by addressing the concerns of all the stakeholders involved. Introduction Recent advances in technology have made it possible to drill natural gas from deep reservoirs located in energy rich areas of the United States. These fuels are being termed unconventional fuel sources and contribute to around 25% of the fuel consumed in the US. This unconventional source is comparatively a cleaner…
17 pages (4267 words)
history of oil and gas in China
With a mounting population of more than 1.3 billion people, China depends greatly on other countries for prime resources, for example, oil and gas. In order to enhance its association with other Southeast Asian nations, China always considers diplomatic action over military intervention, especially in regards to disputed territories like the Scarborough Shoal in South China Sea. China is frequently involved in a political clash with Malaysia; perhaps, it is due mainly to the two countries' diplomatic dissimilarities. Nevertheless, China's ties with Malaysia are interdependent in that China…
natural gas in Saudi Arabia
From recently however after compression it is pumped through pipes to its separate refinery. Natural gas like oil and coal are sources of non-renewable energy. The gas is usually pumped up from its underground deposit. It is channeled through pipes to a storage site. Common uses of natural gas include production of heat in industries and residential areas. It also serves the same purpose in the commercial area, in electrical power generation and fueling vehicles. Brief history Saudi Arabia is among the largest Arab states. It is located in western Asia. It is a country that is bordered by…
5 pages (1255 words)
Natural gas
In natural gas reservoirs beneath the surface of the earth even the heavier hydrocarbons occur for the most part in gaseous form because of the higher pressures. These heavier hydrocarbons usually liquefy at the surface at normal atmospheric conditions and are produced separately as natural gas liquids (NGLs), either in field separators or in gas processing plants (Speight, 3). How it was discovered and when did they discover it? The discovery of natural gas dates back from ancient times in the Middle East. During that times, there was not any clear understanding about the existence of natural…
5 pages (1255 words)
Life cycle assessment of greenhouse gas emissions from natural gas and biomass power plants
This increase in demand will lead to construction of new power plants; this means that more greenhouse gas will be released into environment; and the environment will continue to be affected by the greenhouse emissions. Generally, there exists a number of ways in which electric energy (electricity) is produced; and each method of production has benefits and disadvantages in relation to operation cost, and impact on the environment, among other factors. For example, the major sources of electric energy include: nuclear energy, coal, natural gas, hydroelectric, oil, biomass, solar and wind among…
60 pages (15060 words)
Sustainable Practices in FM
The Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change 1997 encourages countries to make an effort to reduce carbon emissions. Corporate social responsibility requirements for all businesses has now expanded to include a duty to reduce and control carbon emissions (Lee, 2008). In other words, as a business organization, this organization is bound by legal and corporate social responsibility requriements to reduce and control carbon emissions. This report will identify the ways in which a business’s carbon footprint is made up, why there is a need for this…
15 pages (3765 words)