civil engineering level 1 Fluid Mechanics Lab report (oriphis and free jet flow)

civil engineering level 1 Fluid Mechanics Lab report (oriphis and free jet flow) Essay example
Masters
Essay
Engineering and Construction
Pages 3 (753 words)
Download 1
INTRODUCTION Orifice is a term used for a small hole or opening in a vessel which enables the fluid to flow through it. Fluid keeps on flowing through the orifice as long as the head of fluid is above the level of orifice in the vessel. Orifice is not merely a hole but is considered as one of the fundamental equipment used in fluid mechanics as it is widely used to measure discharge rates and velocity coefficients(CodeCogs, 2013)…

Introduction

Used to restrict flow through the line. Used to control the velocity of fluid within the piping. Extensively used to measure flow rate within the piping. Orifice in the form of orifice plates is widely used for injecting constant flows to the apparatus. They are vital part of electronic fuel ignition systems where metered amount of fuel is injected within the combustion chamber through orifice, as they provide very stable flow. Orifices used for such critical applications are designed with great effort. They must be smooth enough to reduce frictional effects which greatly affect the efficiency of orifice(Kinseler.com). Also while designing an orifice for a specific flow application, ratio of length vs orifice diameter are strictly monitored. Not only this, orifice is an integral part of jet flows as well which is in fact closely lying to orifice(Sarco, 2000). Measuring the jet flows is really important in calculating the steam acting upon the turbine in the power plant. It is also integral part of many other chemical plant operations. Orifices are extensively being used in the fields of bioinformatics and botany. Gaseous flow for the processes of respiration and photosynthesis is measured by using orifice. ...
Download paper
Not exactly what you need?

Related papers

Civil Engineering Construction
First, the planners used geographic and topographic maps. Although technology and computers were not yet very effective at that time, the information the planners had was enough to make them achieve their great objective. Present planners and engineers have all the information from computers and databases before they embark on such a gargantuan task. The vision that the planners had is mastery…
Head Loss Fluid Mechanics
Fluid flowing through a pipe encounters resistance because of resistance offered by the pipeline, viscosity of the fluid, and the roughness present in the pipeline’s interior surface. The main energy loss in a pipeline is because of friction as the pipeline has usually long length (Sawhney 2011, p629). The pipeline’s total energy decreases based on the direction of the flow. Fluid flowing…
civil engineering
the railroad is completely flat (en.rian.ru, 2011). It was built to integrate the nation into a modern rail network and is a part of the Alp Transit Railway Project which can afford the citizens the ease to travel in a better and faster manner. The tunnel site was filled with hard rocks posing a significant challenge to the excavation staff and causing immense disturbance in the surrounding area…
Civil Engineering Assignment
References………………………………………………………………………12 Introduction Civil engineering is the oldest engineering discipline and all other disciplines of engineering actually originated from it because it traces its history back to the ancient civilizations. Civil engineering directly has a direct impact on the lifestyle of human beings because all the…
lab report- materials
Steel is artificially produced and it exists in different forms of iron. Whereas steel has carbon content which is less than that of pig iron, its carbon content is more than that of wrought iron. Moreover, steel has such qualities as elasticity, hardness, as well as strength, which depends on the heat treatment and composition (Makelainen and Hassinen 488). Consequently, it is categorized as…
Lab report
More often than not, when dealing with mechanics of soil, twenty degrees Celsius serves as the best reference temperature and it is commonly referred to as the application temperature. For reference purpose, there are some alterations that are done on the density, as well as mass of water is by 0.2% within the range of 4 and 20 degrees Celsius (Mitchell 6). Arguably, this is equal the precision…
Fluid Mechanics 230
TYPES OF DRAG Form drag This could be described as the frictional force resulting from the shape of a moving object. This drag remains highly dependent on size and shape of objects; hence, the name form drag (Batchelor 2000). Bodies with larger cross-sectional designs experience higher levels of form drag than those presented with sleek design. The shape and size of a body affects the surface area…