These include chemical engineering, civil engineering, computer engineering, electrical engineering, Software Engineering, Geodesy and Geomatics Engineering, Geological Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, and Forest Engineering (University of New Brunswick, 2013).
Chemical engineering primarily focuses on conversion of raw materials into more refined and usable forms in day to day human activities. It offers students an opportunity to develop skills necessary for application of chemistry, mathematics and physics knowledge for purposes of raw material’s conversion. Amongst the areas covered in chemical engineering are atomic science, study of polymers, paper chemistry, drug’s study, fertilizer production, petro-chemical processes, and dye production, among others. In general, chemical engineers focus on conversion of matter from one form to another. In the recent past, this engineering discipline has shown as shift towards establishment of sustainability criteria guidance tools. Several inspiriting philosophies have been incorporated into chemical engineering including Natural Step, Cradle to Cradle, Getting to Zero Waste, bio-mimicry, Resilience Engineering, Ecological Design, Green Chemistry, Inherently Safer Design, as well as Self-Assembly (American Society for Engineering Education, 2010).
Civil engineering is amongst the big engineering disciplines which take a huge chunk of engineering graduates. In basically deals with design, construction, as well as maintenance of physical/natural built environment. Its areas of coverage include works on roads, bridges, canals, dams, and general buildings. ...