Aircraft System Principles and Applications - Assignment Example

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Aircraft System Principles and Applications

Effect of air density on aircraft performance
Air density is responsible for lifting the aircraft at the start of flight. It is also responsible for favorable amount of fuel consumption as air density affects air fuel mixture which is burned to run the engine. Therefore, fuel consumption and lift of aircraft not only depends on density but also depends upon temperature and pressure, indirectly.
 Effect of air pressure on aircraft performance
An aircraft requires maintaining a specific pressure to keep flying in the air or to move to higher altitudes. As the lift of aircraft is directly affected by the density of air, so in order to move to higher altitudes density of aircraft must be greater than 1225 gm/m-cube. Reduction in density results in lesser amount of air molecules moving around the plane and hence, lesser amount of thrust is applied on the plane than is required to move at higher altitude(FAA).  
Effect of air pressure on aircraft performance
Air may have parcels of air that are having raised temperatures and this raised temperature significantly reduces density of air within these parcels. Whenever a plane enters from a parcel of lower temperature to a parcel of higher temperature, it undergoes variation in performance. Due to lower density, flight of plane is adversely affected and it also affects the fuel efficiency of the engine due to insufficient air required to inject fuel. Therefore, planes are equipped with turbochargers. ...Show more

Summary

The purpose of the following assignment is to discuss several questions regarding the Aircraft System Principles and Applications. Some of the mentioned topics is the properties of air as a fluid power and the function and operation of aircraft pneumatic systems…
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