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Engineering and Construction
Pages 3 (753 words)
Nuclear power Author 02 / 11 / 2011 November 2, 2011 Nuclear Power With the world population hitting 7 billion just recently, the demand of energy can very well be imagined. The energy production through natural reservoirs is not only depleting the reservoirs from the earth but at the same time spreading hazardous effects on the environment.
Nuclear power is generated by a chain reaction of atom, which is the minute particle that cannot be further divided. They are the “building blocks” of every single thing that exists from a human to a chair. Atoms are made up of electrons which have negative charge, circling nuclei consisting of protons and neutrons. Protons are positively charged while the neutrons are neutral that is they are not charged. There are some elements whose atoms are unstable atoms. Such unstable atom’s nucleus tends to break and form a stable atom. In doing so, they emit enormous energy which eventually produces heat. Such elements having unstable atoms are called “radioactive elements”. Before forming a stable atom, the nucleus hits other atoms after its breakage forming a chain reaction. This chain reaction is called “nuclear fission”. The most commonly known among radioactive elements is uranium. (Morris, 2007) The process of making nuclear power starts with the mining of radioactive elements which are then processed accordingly. The processed radioactive elements are then fed to the reactors of nuclear power plant, generating a chain reaction or “nuclear fission” which eventually creates heat. This heat turns the water inside the plant to steam. ...
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