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Sustainable Construction Method
Engineering and Construction
Pages 10 (2510 words)
SUSTAINABLE CONSTRUCTION METHOD Name Institution SECTION A: THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF CONSTRUCTION WORKS It is important to define the environmental impact assessment as a “process of identifying, predicting, evaluating and mitigating the biophysical, social, and other relevant effects of development proposals prior to major decisions being taken and commitments made”.
The construction process and building use not only consume the most energy of all sectors and create the most CO2 emissions, they also create the most waste, use most non-energy related resources, and are responsible for the most pollution. Materials such as copper, which is largely mined in South America where whole mountains have been taken down and landscapes altered in the search for ever more rare resources (Lovins et al 1999 pp 34).. The environmental aspect can be looked as: emissions into the air, water spills, waste generation, soil pollution, resource consumption, local impacts, and impacts associated with transportation, effects on biodiversity and emergency situations and incidents. The construction industry impacts on the environment in a number of ways, both directly and indirectly and these can be divided to: 1. Pollution The environmental impact of construction can be felt in terms of pollution. This is not in the extraction but in the processing of materials for construction. And again, not surprisingly, the construction industry has the biggest effect of all sectors because of the quantity of materials used in construction. ...
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