West Coast Mainline Modernisation.
Mobility plays a major role in the development of civilisations. Development employs massive mobility projects that often encompass means to transfer peoples, goods, and raw materials…
The various transportation facilities and infrastructure that are developed in the process are roads, bridges, rails and other facilities that aid in mobility and access. These developments are done in stage or per project basis that ascertains specific end-results employing project management. Project Management is previously a management philosophy that soon evolved into a business process (Kerzner, 2009). It involves planning, organising, securing and managing resources to achieve goals. It is to be understood that a project has its specific start and ending, and is dependent on time, budget or funding, and deliverables. It is usually expected to bring positive or beneficial results. Its temporary nature make it unique from business operations which is a continuous one or somewhat permanent in the delivery of products or services. This paper will discuss and analyse a rail industry project – the West Coast Main Line Modernisation - and describe the project management problems encountered in this project completion. In the project implementation of a rail, various management stages involved are Output Definition, Pre-Feasibility, Option Selection, Single Option Development, Detailed Design, Construction, Testing and Commissioning, Scheme Handback and Project Close Out (Network Rail, 2003). • A brief description of your chosen project. The West Coast Main Line or WCML is the rail backbone of United Kingdom when it comes to importance and number of populations served. It underwent several modernisation stages and the latest of which was the Network Rail modernisation that commenced by the 1990s. Plans for the upgrade and renewal of the line by Virgin Trains for the tilting Pendolino trains with increased speed of 140 mph or 225 km/h was aborted when deemed ambitious. The proposed upgrade involved the adoption of the moving block signalling which worked with light rail systems and metro lines, but not yet proven with high-speed heavy rail network (Office of Rail Regulation, 2007). Owned by Network Rail, WCML is the busiest mixed traffic railway route provider, an intercity link connecting London, Birmingham, Manchester, Liverpool and Glasgow to the West Midlands, North West, North Wales, and the Central Belt of Scotland. Handling about 75 million passengers per annum translated to about 43% of UK’s rail freight traffic, it is also links many other smaller towns and cities serving as a suburban railway. The various operators of the WCML are Virgin Trains, East Coast, London Midland, Southern, CrossCountry, First TransPennine Express, Northern Rail, Arriva Trains Wales, First ScotRail, DB Schenker Rail (UK), GB Railfreight, Freightliner Ltd., and Direct Rail Services Ltd (Network Rail, 2007). It was designated a priority Trans-European Networks route. It connects to European mainland via the Channel Tunnel. In 1955, it was modernised and electrified implemented in stages from 1959 to 1974. Electrification was first implemented on the route from Crewe to Manchester completed by 1960, followed by Crewe to Liverpool by 1962, London by 1965, Birmingham by 1967, and Weaver Junction to Glasgow by 1974. The introduction of the Inter-City brand in 1966 came with high-speed long-distance services where journey clocked in 2 hours and 40 minutes from London to Manchester or Liverpool (Thomas, 1971). Modern coaches followed with the Mark 2 and air-conditioned Mark 3, and soon linespeed was raised to 110 mph or 177 km/h with electric locomotives that doubled passenger traffic from 1962 to 1975 (British Railways ...
The continued degradation of natural resources due to commercial activities, the proliferation of anti-social behaviors in various marketing campaigns, and the rise of cases surrounding improper employee treatment have contributed to the need for a different approach to business—thus, social entrepreneurship.
This source is credible because it gathers its information from other authoritative sources, such as those that originally announced any findings or results, allowing the team at The Verge to confirm the accuracy of the facts and data before publishing the articles for the public.
The CRM is an effective model employed in business organizations for managing customer relations and it involves the use of technology in organizing, automating and synchronizing customer service or offering technical support in business management process.
The process of public sector reform can be broadly categorized into two phases. The first phase took off under the Conservative regime of Ms. Thatcher in the early 1980's upto 1997. Cowper (2001) states that during this phase the reforms were meant to introduce 'competitive and contractual challenges into public service.' During this period managerial responsibility was delegated and there were cuts on fragmentation of services.
Development and the need to develop have been taken for granted in our understanding of ourselves- it represents the unique human urge to better oneself. The difference that marks the human race from the living things around him is that 'development' or 'betterment' is not an aspect that stops or need stop for human beings.
Northwest coast clothing. 21st April. 2008. http://www.mnh.si.edu/museum/VirtualTour/Tour/First/Native/native3.html.
British Columbias Coastal Environment. How the B.C. coastal environment shaped a way of life: First Nations. People on B.C.s
portation facilities and infrastructure, and supply approximated to the capacity of users to employ alternative means to address access and mobility processes.
The various transportation facilities and infrastructure that are developed in the process are roads, bridges, rails
ited by diverse cultures, which included the Cheyenne, and other tribes who valued horses, and later found in it enormous power to create a unique way of life that led to their domination in one of the world’s greatest grasslands. This was followed by the discovery of gold,
One of the forms of music is the rap music. There is no definite source which can determine the origin of this type of music, but it is said to have originated in early 15th and 16th century in Britain. The roots
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic West Coast Mainline Modernisation. Project Analysis for FREE!