Water Wheel: History and Mechanism. Research Paper example
High school
Research Paper
Engineering and Construction
Pages 4 (1004 words)
Download 0
Wheel is one of the most useful inventions of the ancient times and served as a revolutionary machine for the development of hydraulics and also agriculture. The working of a water wheel is based on the two fundamental principles of physics i.e. gravity and impulse…

Introduction

gravity and impulse. Water wheel finds various applications in agriculture and engineering during the ancient times and various new machines are based on the principle of water wheel. Water Wheel: history and mechanism History of Water Wheel: Primary movers, like the water wheel, have been regarded by some historians as the significant element in the evolution of technology. Invented in Hellenistic era, it was a critical juncture in the history of technology and advancement. The water wheel allowed man, for the first time in history, to use an azoic power source for agriculture and industrial production. As the use of water power spread, it had a marked impact on the technological advancement in numerous areas by enablingthe man to save labor in many industries and helped in increasing the production of the flour milling industry. Due to scarcityof early literature regarding hydraulics, the origin of water wheel is stillan unsolved puzzle for historians. The term ‘cakkavattaka’ a turning wheel, is used in the ancient Indian texts dating back to 4th century BC. On this basis, Joseph Needham a well-known British historian proposed that the machine was a water wheel but Terry S. Reynolds, the past president of the Society for the History of Technology doesn’t agree with Needham. According to him the early history of water wheel in India is vague and the term used in the Indian texts does not clearly suggest a water-powered device. ...
Download paper
Not exactly what you need?

Related papers

Four wheel steering Vs Front wheel Steering
The vehicle is symmetrical about the x-z axis; 2. The vehicle’s total mass  is lumped; 3. The vehicle’s roll axis is fixed and ; 4. The road’s surface conditions are consistent throughout the modelling; 5. Small angle approximations apply to the vehicle’s motion. The dynamics of the 4WS vehicle system can be divided broadly into three categories which are: 1. Tyre side forces; 2. Yaw…
laboratory report, water/cement ratio
Given below is the graph which shows the relationship between water/cement ratio and compressive strength of concrete. It can be observed from the image that the relationship is hyperbolic in nature. Figure 1: Relation between strength and water/cement ratio of concrete The compaction of concrete is the process adopted for expelling the entrapped air from the concrete (Shetty 2010). Higher the…
Tankless water heaters
Adomatis (2010) predicts that new homes buyers “may be willing to pay for the cost of the energy efficient items in green construction” as a means of reducing energy expenses. Not only can energy efficiency building requirements save money, but energy efficiency can also save homeowners money by heating their homes in the winter and cooling their homes in summer with less power and resources.…
Vehicle Steering Wheel Heart Rate Monitor
The system would be configured to contact emergency medical services providing the location of the patient and it can apply brakes to vehicle to prevent an accident. This system will require the following components for its successful implementation. The first one is a device that reads the driver’s heart rate from the grip of the steering wheel. These devices function by either counting pulses…
Improvement of Wheel and Joint of Luggage
This paper relates to the process of identifying the best materials for use in luggage wheels. Its aim is to investigate and propose alternative materials that can improve the durability of luggage wheels at competitive cost. Trends in Development of Wheeled Luggage Wheeled luggage is one of the innovations created to ease travel. Over the last one hundred years, there has been an increase in the…
petroleum water injection
For the formation of this petroleum reservoir worth producing various geological elements are required. These elements include; porous reservoir rock which stores the petroleum, organic rocks which are the source of generating the gas or oil and lastly some kind of traps to prevent leaking away of the oil and gas (Souza at el). Usually these traps are found in predictable areas like next to…
Wheel Nut with Mechanical Locking/Unlocking Device
The two features demand that the nut have particular strength features and endurance to prevent unprecedented detachment. Additionally, the nut must have a secure locking and unlocking mechanism to enable the replacement of the wheel in case of damage. The design of the nut consequently influences the design of the wheel to ensure compatibility thus efficiency. The design of the two relies on the…