We always, or, rather, mostly focus on actions but we can have a change and focus on consequences. When we focus on consequences we wind up with consequentialism and utilitarianism is one type of consequentialism and the founding father was Jeremy Bentham. (Lafollette, 28)
Utilitarianism is divided into two, rule utilitarianism and act utilitarianism. In act utilitarianism, a person performs the acts whose end results are beneficial to a majority of people, without taking into consideration personal feelings or the societal constraints such as laws. Rule utilitarianism on the contrary takes into consideration the law and upholds fairness. A rule utilitarian uses fair and just means to benefit most people. Utilitarianism just like any other ethical theory has flaws. This can be seen in the sense that it is very hard or almost impossible to determine the amount of pleasure that will result from the action. This is because we cannot quantify pleasure and that the pleasure of one person is not the same as the pleasure of another person.
The deontological theory spells out that people should adhere to their duties and obligations when analyzing ethical dilemmas. This ethical theory elaborates that the most important aspects of our lives are governed by certain unbreakable moral rules. Deontologists argue that these rules are not to be broken even if their absolution will improve a situation. Whoever follows this theory is bound to produce very consistent decisions since they are mostly based on the individuals set duties. This theory provides ground for obligations and special duties to specific people, such as family. A good and simple example is where an older brother has an obligation to offer protection to his little when they cross a busy road together. Praise is also offered to those who exceed their obligations and duties, which is referred to as supererogation. A ...
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This therapy style often utilizes operant conditioning, a form of behavior change that is reinforced through reward methodology (Morris & Maisto, 2005). For example, if the patient has deviant behaviors created through hostility and aggression, the therapist will provide meaningful and positive feedback each and every time a desired behavior has been elicited.
Dealing without such a system would be virtually impossible. Throughout the years crime and justice have become vital parts in today’s society; they are seen as necessary factors for the functioning of human society. Crime has become part of people’s human behaviour which brings in justice to stop the crime and protect society.
The general systems theories in particular encompass the human concept and explain the concept of systems, how they came about and the interconnecting factors in them (Skyttner, 2001). The underlying concept theme is the notion of interaction and the emergence among units.
Initially, Six Sigma had been employed pervasively in the manufacturing industry. This also stood true for lean techniques that were implemented in the manufacturing industry before their implementation elsewhere. However, of late both Six Sigma and lean techniques have been applied pervasively to the services industry (George, 2003).
The actions taken should therefore be influenced only by the expected outcomes and the consequences of the outcomes on the success of the business. In scenario one, the power of technological must be emphasised to understand the powers it presents to both the employees and the employers.
Utilitarianism is a theory that critically portrays this, and involves application of ethical codes and other ethical standards that aim at maximizing the net expectable utility for all the parties that are affected by a particular decision, or a specific action. Therefore, actions or decisions are ethical to the degree that they seek to promote the best good for a great number.
Classification would assist in the learning of these concepts. It is helpful to begin by evaluating the concepts individually. Evaluating them individually will highlight how these concepts have importance on the consequences of
es that produce a variety of sophisticated products such as digital scanners, commercial dishwashers, marine pumps, truck filters and mixing equipment. Google Company was founded and incorporated in 1998 by Larry Page and Sergey Brin. Google offers internet related products and
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