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Compare and Contrast Three Ethical Theories
Engineering and Construction
Pages 5 (1255 words)
Name Instructor Course Date Title The name utilitarianism has its roots from the Latin word ‘utilis’, which basically means useful. The utilitarian theory has its stronghold on the ability to predict the consequences of an action. The logical thinking or view of a utilitarian is that, the decision or choice that results brings about or yields the greatest benefit to the majority is the choice that is ethically correct.
We always, or, rather, mostly focus on actions but we can have a change and focus on consequences. When we focus on consequences we wind up with consequentialism and utilitarianism is one type of consequentialism and the founding father was Jeremy Bentham. (Lafollette, 28) Utilitarianism is divided into two, rule utilitarianism and act utilitarianism. In act utilitarianism, a person performs the acts whose end results are beneficial to a majority of people, without taking into consideration personal feelings or the societal constraints such as laws. Rule utilitarianism on the contrary takes into consideration the law and upholds fairness. A rule utilitarian uses fair and just means to benefit most people. Utilitarianism just like any other ethical theory has flaws. This can be seen in the sense that it is very hard or almost impossible to determine the amount of pleasure that will result from the action. This is because we cannot quantify pleasure and that the pleasure of one person is not the same as the pleasure of another person. The deontological theory spells out that people should adhere to their duties and obligations when analyzing ethical dilemmas. This ethical theory elaborates that the most important aspects of our lives are governed by certain unbreakable moral rules. ...
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