The FM50 is an example of a centrifugal pumping system. The requirements of this pumping mechanism are an area which is clean, and where the fluid being transmitted is of a consistent viscosity. The design of the FM50 centrifugal pump is intended to convert mechanical energy into kinetic energy. This kinetic energy is transmitted to an impeller. The impeller transforms the kinetic energy into potential energy. The change in potential energy translates into a change of pressure in the fluid. The change in pressure in the fluid and the energy which is input enable the FM50 to provide work. Heat is a result of work. The transformation of energy results in an increase in internal energy and heat as a resultant effect. The characteristics of the FM50 pumping mechanism will be explored. These characteristics which will be measured are the following: Head height. Power input Efficiency. The first law of thermodynamics and its implications will be reviewed in this laboratory report. Introduction There are two types of pumps. One type of pump is a positive displacement pump. Another type is a roto dynamic pump. This research will examine the latter. Pumps and their components compose about 20% of the global energy demand. Pumping systems are responsible for 25% to 50% of the energy consumptions in a number of plant operations. Roto dynamics have two functions. These functions are: Movement of fluid from one place to another. Movement of fluid through a system in a lubricating or refrigerating function. The parts of a pumping system consist of the following components: Pumps. Prime movers. Piping. Valves Controls and assessment equipment. Pressure flow. The pump and the prime mover consume the most energy in a pumping system (Energy Efficiency Asia.org 2006). The First law of Thermodynamics which was proposed by Sir Isaac Newton mentions that energy can neither be conceived nor destroyed. Energy can only be transformed from one state to another or from one location to another. Electrical energy is transformed into mechanical energy and its heat components. The FM50 pumping system is an example of a centrifugal pumping mechanism. The characteristics of this type of pumping system require that the situations are free of debris (Waukesha Cherry Burrell 2009). The FM50 pumping system is a relatively non complicated machinery item. The machine converts one form of energy into another. The electrical components transform the electrical energy into mechanical energy. In an internal combustion process, electrical energy is converted from chemical energy to mechanical and heat energy. In a steam and gasoline turbine, the mechanical energy of steam pressure converts to kinetic energy as the steam is forced out of a nozzle. A high speed configuration of steam particles from the nozzle of the turbines motor impacts a set of blades and causes the blades to exercise mechanical energy by means of the blade movement. In a pumping system, the pump transforms the energy which is derived from a turbine. This energy is transformed from kinetic energy. In the pumping system, the kinetic energy is transformed into potential energy. This potential energy causes the fluid in the pump to gyrate. The gyration of the fluid in the pump represents work. Lit Review The energy is conceived in the roto dynamic pump by rotary movement and its output. The impeller within the pumping mechanism exerts a force on the system. This force causes the energy to transform from mechanical energy which is the impeller exerting a force upon the fluid. The fluid gains kinetic energy in this process. In pumps which are employed for domestic
This is a seven page Harvard citation style laboratory report with seven works cited. The subject of this laboratory report is the characteristics of the FM50 pump. The FM50 pump is a dynamic machine which transforms energy by means of an internal impeller…
Darcy’s equation that was used in the experiments has proved to be efficient in determining the calculations of the head loss. The association of the length of the pipe with the head loss has been obtained through the experiments. Also, the VCC valves have been studied since these components have significant contributions in the operations of heat pump.
Others include infiltration of inflammatory cells into the stomach and production of auto- antibodies to various proteins. It also involves the intrinsic factor and proton pump of parietal cells whereby intrinsic factor can be identified as the factor that is involved in the absorption of vitamin B12.
0/1, low/high, or false/true. In the TTL family of digital electronics, voltages in the range of 0 – 0.7 V are logic 0 and voltages in the range of 2.5 – 5 V represent logic 1. Most logic operations are implemented using AND and OR gates. The inverted logic AND and OR are known as NAND and NOR gates.
The requirements of this pumping mechanism are an area which is clean, and where the fluid being transmitted is of a consistent viscosity. The design of the FM50 centrifugal pump is intended to convert mechanical energy into kinetic energy. This
They are found in various organs including the stomach, respiratory system and circulatory system among other organs (Marieb & Hoehn, 2008). On the other hand, the cardiac muscles control the autonomic nervous system. These muscles are located in the
Since then, a numerous number of tubes have been developed for a broad range of chemicals. The introduction of OSHA regulations in the work place in 1970s, the chemical compounds, have expanded from the mostly inorganic, toxic compounds to include large
In which case, the results are expressed in mass per volume units. The process can only be successful when the representative sample of air is sampled and the volume is also determined accurately. This formed the basis for the modern calculation of flow rate
The set up was made in order analyse the pump’s characteristic curves of the pump at varied constant speeds; the pump head; water horsepower; shaft horsepower; the pump efficiency; and the Net Positive Suction Head (NPSH). The pump’s
mputation of swept volume, deck height volume, head gasket volume and combustion chamber volume which are then divided by the sum of deck height volume, head gasket volume and the volume of combustion chamber. Bore is the system is the diameter of each cylinder that is
5 pages (1250 words)Lab Report
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