Muslim reformers like Sir Syed Ahmed tried their best to educate the Muslim women of the subcontinent (Virdee). There were a lot of hurdles for women, imposed by the society, and attainment of education in the sub-continent was not an easy task for women of that time. Many women participated in public rallies during the Pakistan movement and women leaders took active part in the movement along with the wives of the Muslim leaders. After independence, Mohtarma Fatima Jinnah became a symbol of inspiration for the Pakistani women. She was the sister of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan, and was very politically as well as socially active. The provision of reserved seats for women existed all through the constitutional history of Pakistan. They had the right of suffrage from independence (D. S. Ahmed 32-42). But the quota was, at the beginning, almost negligible. The progress of women in Pakistan suffered a great set back in the 1980’s, during the dictatorship of Zia-ul-Haq. He formulated and imposed oppressive laws that ran counter to the true spirit of Islam as he introduced his own radical extremist approach to Islam. On the other hand, this dark period for the women of the country was followed by the election of the first woman to be the prime minister of an Islamic state; Benazir Bhutto which was a big achievement for a woman belonging to a predominantly patriarchal society. Another major hurdle in the way of the progress of Pakistani women has been, and still is to this day, the strong feudal system. Women are still seen as objects of use, or rather misuse in feudally administered areas. Statistics show that violence against women is the greatest in these areas. This first decade of the 21st century saw the condition of women in Pakistan improve significantly, with inductions of ladies being carried out in all three armed forces in operational capacity. The proportion of women in the parliament has seen sizeable increase compared to the yesteryears. Women have access to equal education and are being inducted in all fields on equal pays. But the patriarchal mindset has not subsided, and women face discrimination and gender based prejudice and harassment in the workplaces. EFFECTS OF THE LEGAL SYSTEM The constitution of Pakistan is mostly based on the principles of Islam. In its true essence, Islam is a very moderate religion that gave women the right to suffrage and inheritance when the west was still in the dark ages. The much debated ‘Hadood Ordinance’ is a section of the law that deals largely with the punishments regarding limitations imposed on men and women individually and together. Some of the clauses are a distortion of the true limitations present in the Holy book of the Muslims; the Quran. The requirement of four witnesses to prove a woman’s claim that she had been sexually molested raised a storm of protest and criticism by the more sane minded people of the civil society (Khan 34). The law said that a woman could be held guilty of adultery herself if she fails to produce 4 male witnesses. This law was amended under the women protection bill of 2006 under the orders of Pervez Musharraf (Prisoners".). The women protection bill came under a lot of scrutiny from the radical religious factions who charged Musharraf with meddling with
Writer 17 April 17, 2012 The Progress of Women in Pakistan INTRODUCTION Women all across the world have been subjected to oppression and submission at some point in their history. The current status that women enjoy in most of the countries today is not a result of some sudden revelation on part of the world in general…
It is a well-constructed concept. However, it fails to highlight and mention other factors that can affect the performance and professional attitude of teachers. Knowledge based on the workshops might help them cope in a classroom environment; but what determines the level of professionalism of teachers when they enter school premises?
The main idea of the research paper is that although America is a developed nation which has struggled a lot for minimizing the gender differences, it continues to create challenges for women. Society has formed stereotypes about women, but top managers need to be more supportive and collaborative to encourage and motivate women employees.
Strategy Recommendations 11 Works Cited 12 I. Introduction China has been in the consciousness of a wide swath of the world's population for many reasons, chief among them being its ongoing economic ascent, its prominent place in world politics, its various contributions to different aspects of world civilization, its burgeoning population and large race footprint in many parts of the world, its growing military and political might, its Communist government, its colorful human rights record, its many confrontations with other world powers and neighbors, and its general insistence on the popular psyche for Chinese things, large and small, in popular world culture (Central Intelligence Agency)
) Middle East seems to be the most underdeveloped region in the world as far as women progress is concerned. It should be noted that Islamic administrations are prevailing in most of the Middle Eastern countries and hence it is extremely difficult for the women in this region to develop beyond certain limits.
The dictionary defines progress in relation to our reading material as follows: the development of an individual or society in a direction considered more beneficial than and superior to the previous level” (dictonary.com). Keeping that definition in mind, I thought it best to start off this essay by discussing the Kirckpatrick Sale’s essay “Five Facets of Myth”.
Why Girls’ Education is the Most Important Investment Pakistan and the World can Make. Pakistan is one of the countries with alarming rates of illiteracy after its recent ranking as the 113th country among 120 that have the lowest education levels. The political scenario has served to disrupt the stability of education in the country.
Pakistan consisted of two wings, East and West Pakistan, East Pakistan was made up of Bangladesh which was separated from West Pakistan from almost one thousand miles and West Pakistan consisted of Punjab, Baluchistan, North West Frontier Province and Sindh.
Over the years, women have proved their mettle and worth in both politics and media and have brought positive changes in the cultures of society not just in America but all over the world. "Gender is one of the primary fault-lines running through contemporary American politics.
Pakistan has struggled to find a coherent identity and role since its creation. Events like taking over the reins of the democratically elected governments by Army, regular skirmishes with its neighbor India, increasing activities of some militant organizations have not really allowed the country to develop to its fullest potential.
As the author of the text puts it, creation of equal employment opportunities, female-inclined legislations, women facilitation practices etc. are some of the many developments over time that helped women become a recognized, respected and equally important part of the population. This is the result of that women learned to stand up for their rights.
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