It is seen that the capacity will be freed at the current termini like Paddington and Liverpool, once Crossrail will have been completed in 2017. The project will also create up to 14,000 jobs at the peak of its construction in 2013/2015. Moreover, it will help create a further 7,000 jobs indirectly according to Great Britain: Parliament: Select Committee on the Crossrail Bill (2007 P. 1784-1789). New chances for interchanges with Overground services and TfL Underground would further help reduce congestions at the termini. This in turn, will enable central London stations in business and retail businesses eliminate the need for many passengers to relocate to other modes (Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers & Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers 2007 p.66-122). Preparatory work for the project took place in 2009. However, the construction works begun in 2010 while tunneling work begun in 2011. The whole work is expected to end in 2017 and be opened in 2018 because of the review. Crossrail Infrastructure The main reason for the project is to create a new east-west railway, through London and to provide a dedicated connection between Thames Gateway, Canary Wharf, the City, the west end and Heathrow Airport. Halcrow (2011) reveals that, under the project, new tunnels will be built from Paddington in the west, all through to Stratford then to Canary Wharf situated in the Eastern side of the country. Crossrail is also designed in a way that it will have 118km runway from Maidenhead and Heathrow town in the west, via a new twin-bore 21km tunnels under central London all the way to Shenfield and Abbey Wood in the east (Halcrow 20011). The project will help ease transport as it is expected that it will transport additional 1.5 million persons within a span of 1 hour commuting distance of London’s major business districts according to Halcrow (2011). A number of substations would also be built within Central London section. This would include Bond Street, Paddington, Tottenham Court Road, Liverpool/Moorgate Street, Farringdon and Whitechapel. These stations will all have interchanges for Underground and commuter (heavy rail) stations (Zuqi 2010). Project’s Major Client and their Work One of major clients of the Crossrail project is the Crossrail Ltd sponsored by Cross London Rail Links, which is a joint venture company formed by the Transport for London and the Strategic Rail Authority (SRA). Its role is to oversee the contraction of the Crossrail Project to ease transport in UK, create jobs and spur economic growth. The Crossrail Company also ensures that funds are available (?16 billion) to accomplish the mission of the project (Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers and Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers 2007p. 114-136). The other major client for the project is the UK government. The government of UK is interested in the project as a way of spurring economic growth in the country and opening up avenues for businesses by linking major towns through rail. Its role is mainly to ensure that enough funds are available, and the project is carried out in accordance with the law. This explains the reason as to why the municipal governing
‘The Crossrail Project’ After many years of waiting, the green gesture was finally given in 2008 to one of the most complex and biggest rail projects ever undertaken in the United Kingdom. This became a reality when the 2008 Crossrail Act gave the sponsors of Crossrail, TfL and DfT powers to construct and operate the railway which links the Great Western and Great Eastern railways through a new tunnel system passing through the capital city London, with a capacity of holding 24 trains-per-hour…
A CDM coordinator is required in the cases of notifiable projects (hse.gov.uk, n.d.). The major responsibilities of a CDM coordinator are to notify the project details to HSE, to provide the client with advice and assistance regarding their duties, to coordinate the aspects of health and safety in the design work, to cooperate with the parties and personnel involved in the project, to enhance the flow of communication between the project parties, to develop liaison with the general contractor about the design work, to identify and circulate pre-construction information, and to update the file of health and safety record of the project (hse.gov.uk, n.d.).
These revisions were done following the breach of laws underlying health and safety by various stakeholders. Since 1994, CDM regulations have been merged to form a single regulatory package. These regulations are applicable to all construction projects except those involving domestic clients, irrespective of the timescale or complexity of work.
This does not only affect workers but also the contractors and some contractors who may fall into accidents and illnesses. This can be avoided or rather prevented to which it led to the workplace health and safety regulation in 2008 which was a way of promoting safety risks to which they should be managed.
..3 Element Two: Specific Legislation………………………………..5 Element Three: Case Laws………………………………………..8 Element Four: Reflection on Conflict Resolution…………………9 Conclusion……………………………………………………….10 Bibliography……………………………………………………..11 HEALTH AND SAFETY IN CONSTRUCTION Abstract This discussion focuses on issues ascribed to occupational health and safety in the construction industry.
The system works fine as long as enough motivation is provided by the employer by way of respecting the needs of the employee. The construction industry too requires able people to carry out the planning and construction activities so that the building being made adheres to all the requirements.
Construction site accidents take place because of several reasons which include careless attitude of workers at site, absence of equipments, machineries which don't work, etc.
At the site, the chute was needed to be cleared, which had been blocked by means of plastic wrap.
Why is this so Naturally health insurance packages are offered to employees as per the guided and recommended by the government. Employers recognize this important rule and know that they are indeed responsible for whatever health situation their employees might be involved in the future especially when those health issues are incurred during the time when they are at work.
Evolution of modern marketing is a slow growth, but there was never a time in the history of Mankind when marketing did not exist in some form or other. Emergence of formal marketing depends on concepts as applicable to product, production, marketing, selling and