For further safety of the site, an additional gate is placed just in front of the construction area, this is for occasional use. For instance movement of formwork when it is no longer required, this will not disrupt the movement at the entrance and in movement corridors, further making the site safe. The plant area is kept just in front of the construction area, as it will avoid to and fro movement of materials to construction site and save money, manpower and time. The junk area and storage area is kept at the corner end, this place will have minimum disturbance to corridor movement, will be safe from any theft and access to general public could be monitored as it is far from the working area. Lastly the rest area and cafeteria is kept opposite and away from the construction area, this will have a psychological effect on the workers as they will feel easy and this area will have least construction activities, hence least safety supervision will be required in this crowded area. Q 2 a) The most appropriate formwork system for insitu concreting of lift walls would be Jump formwork system. This system consists of two components one being the formwork itself and the other the working platform from which the steel is fixed, concrete is poured. This type of formwork is self supporting and is most suitable for vertical elements such as lift walls. As the formwork is designed for staged processing hence it enables the speedy and efficient construction. The material of choice for our construction site would be Steel, this enables a perfect surface finish. But these steel frames must be properly designed before concrete is poured. The individual panels are attached to the frames which have different supporting conditions such roller support, once the concrete is poured and set, the panel is rolled back and a perfect finish is acquired. In the next process the jacks and lifting mechanism lifts the whole frame up one stage. The process is repeated again where panels are attached and then concreteing is done. This shift of formwork and its components can take as less as 2 hours. This gives speedy and time effective solutions. Some of the views of the system made by Transkon FormworkSystem, are given in the figures below. Transkon are specialist of the field and renowned for new innovative formwork solutions. Q2 b) Although, the jump formwork provides several benefits such as increase in construction speed and low resource requirement interms of manpower. But at the same time it possesses considerable hazards against safety of workers and failure of formwork structural system. As mentioned earlier the formwork is self supporting and self climbing, hence there are chance of structural failures of formwork, incase any joint or member fails and damages will be collateral. The first step towards safety is properly checked safe design of formwork and false work. As these formworks work at a height hence an efficient free-fall breaking devices must be incorporated in the design. Then the platform in use must always be clear from any unnecessary material and waste should be removed as soon as possible. In addition a well maintained false work must be used for erection of the formwork and the platform. Each component must be oiled and painted properly. If excessive damages are seen on these parts they must be replaced. As our material of choic
Q1. The above figure shows the site plan, along with the space allocation for different components of the site. Where the exit and entrance has been kept at the maximum distance apart, this will avoid any accidents due to traffic flow in opposite direction…
It is also one of the oldest and largest dams in the world, which is approximately 128 m (420 ft) tall and 579 m (1900 ft) long. It is shared by two countries, and is built on an international river which involves as many as nine countries and hence offers valuable lessons with regard to the establishment, application and maintenance of inter-country dam projects (Jobin, 1999: 421).
The experienced project manager will incorporate some expectation of overruns in terms of cost and time into the assessment of the project and its associated budget. The competent manager understands the material realities of the project; he or she knows how much of what materials should be used under what circumstances, and in what order.
Brownfields can be located in urban, suburban, and rural areas. In this rapid age of industrialization, land is not available in abundance. Hence the demand for assessing Brownfields is necessary. In United States, the term 'Brownfield' is always associated with land that was formerly used for industrial or commercial purposes.
We will describe the company's profile and operational details, identify hazards and control risks, as well as discuss the role of the company's OH&S committee.
Waratah Engineering Pty. Ltd. was originally established in 1923 in Waratah, Newcastle, to provide engineering services to the local BHP Steelworks.
Nurses also contribute a lot in pain management and infection management. As the saying goes, "prevention is better than cure", skeletal pin site management is being developed to take care as well as prevent infections of patients with external fixators.
The project manager is expected to re-invent innovations in every project and hence almost all such projects begin with uncertainties of results whereby the diagrams of the drawing boards convert into realities as a result of tremendous knowledge, past experience, visualization, planning, organizing, directing, co-ordination, control, application, skills, hard work, proactiveness, quality consciousness, commitment and many such attributes which keep on counting till we run out of words.
This can, of course threaten the safety and security of the occupants of the property.
For optimally maintained constructions it is very important to formulate a workable program of building upkeep. The main goal of building maintenance is to preserve the structure in its
The ultimate goal the models is to ensure that there is quality of execution, the project is attractive from business and economic perspectives and finally reasonable action plan according to the resources available.
The second stage
8 pages (2000 words)Essay
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