Inventions are not magical, but took time to develop once they originated from human beings minds. This governs the quest to defining what engineering is, it is the process through which abstract ideas are turned into systems or products (physical representations). Engineers apply their creativity in the production of systems and products to satisfy human wants and this distinguishes them from sculptors, painters, or poets. This kind of creative act is referred to as a design. Engineering design Majority of engineering designs are listed as systems or invention-devices created by human hard work, or improvements made in already existing systems or devices. Designs or inventions do not just emerge from nowhere, but are a product of bringing technologies together to provide for human necessities. A design can also arise from someone trying to efficiently and quickly accomplish a task. Designing needs a step-by-step procedure and takes place over a period of time (Vanderwarker, 2001). Engineers are primarily known as problem solvers. A design has a remarkably different nature of both the problem and solution because they are open- ended unlike other problem solving methods. This means that a design has more than one solution of correcting a problem which contains specified properties. In contrast to analysis problems, design problems are vaguely defined. Take an example of where one is asked to calculate the height of wall given the initial velocity of a snowball to be zero. The problem has one answer thus an analysis. Once the problem is changed to designing a device to launch 2-pound snowball to a height of 180 feet, it automatically becomes a design problem. In that it is open-ended and has many possible instruments that can be launched to determine the height of the snowball. An iterative procedure is outlined in solving design problems. This is because the solution to a design problem changes from time to time and continuous refining of the design becomes a norm. During the implementation of a design problem, too expensive or unsafe solutions are developed. When such is the case the designer goes back to the drawing board until the proper solution is met. An outstanding example is that of the Wright brothers who experimented lots of design before attempting the powered flight. From his illustration, it is evident that design activity is a cyclic process while the analysis problem is sequential. To come up with a good solution to a design problem, it requires a well outlined procedure. This package, therefore, presents a diverse approach of a methodology referred to as the five-step problem-solving method. The mentioned methodology relates with the design process and can be adapted to solving a particular problem (Vanderwarker, 2001). The design process It consists of five crucial steps that must be achieved in designing the process. The process requires iteration and backtracking because design problems are usually vague. The design process is contingent: it requires changes as it develops and the solutions are based on unforeseen complications. The five steps are illustrated below 1. Defining the problem 2. Gathering pertinent information 3. Generating multiple answers/ solutions 4. Analyzing and selecting a solution 5. Testing and implementing the solution Problem definition normally has a listing of the customer requirements and those of the
Road and Bridge Construction Design Name Institution Course Date Preface This document is purposely designed as a guide to the composition and function in the construction of super highways. It clearly illustrates how products in engineering are designed for use in building projects…
Definitions of design. Basically, design in visual sense is a plan for the achievement of a certain goal or requirement that considers the user, environment, and other factors that guides or restricts the agent called the designer (Ralph and Wand, 2009). Design philosophies guide designers from various fields to adopt universally accepted principles that bridge different schools of thought.
Types of bridges The early form of bridges were the beam bridges, arch bridges and the suspension bridges all constructed from natural resources like wood, vines and fallen tree trunks. (Hill James et al, n.d ) The modern day bridges essentially consist of a combination of all the three bridges but to a more refined scale using materials like steel and concrete.
Wonboyn River Bridge Name: Instructor: Course: Date: Wonboyn River Bridge 1. Transportation of Post-tensioned concrete slabs 1.1. Transport Means The transportation of the concrete slabs requires the consideration of several factors. This is because the concrete slabs cannot pass on top of the construction at this point.
o user, function, community, well-being of human kind, and the global community in general with consideration of environmental policy specifically adopted by De Montfort University.
Basically, design in visual sense is a plan for the achievement of a certain goal or requirement
The author of this paper states that New Market connection viaduct replacement project is one of the important construction structure and a vital link, in Auckland urban motorway system. The new market viaduct replacement project is divided into two main sections, like a) the viaduct section and b) the green lane section.
The components of the bridge at this point require minimum tension until the slabs are laid and until they dry up. Alternatively, the constructors can transport the slabs across the river through the old pier. The pier is strong
The introduction gives an overview of the report with a site observations section presenting a full sight of the site map. Other key sections include background information, literature review, and the design. Advantages and disadvantages of each