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Engineering and Construction
Pages 3 (753 words)
Engineering Disasters Exxon Valdez - Oil Spill On March 24, 1989 the Exxon Valdez, an oil tanker, while on its journey to Long Beach, California got struck in Prince William Sound, Alaska. The disaster resulted into the spillage of over 11 million gallons of crude oil.
In this process, 11,000 Alaskan residents also joined to clean up the mess. Taking the responsibility of the spill, the Exxon spent huge sum to the tune of $4.3 billion. Clean up procedures employed three methods that were burning, mechanical cleaning, and Chemical methods. Sensitive areas were given priority in the cleanup process. Fish hatcheries and Seal locations were given the highest priorities and different cleaning methodologies were employed there. Wildlife rescue operations were initially slow. Necessary resources could not reach the site quickly. Many mammals and birds died due to oil-spill effect and non-availability of food. Independent scientists and experts studied the effect of Valdez spill on wildlife, shoreline and ecosystem. More than 400 papers have been published by them that cover all aspects of the environmental impact. The clean up was declared complete only in 1992 by the US Coast Guard ( Exxon Valdez 2011). Measures Undertaken to Prevent Future Oil spills ExxonMobil made several changes thereafter to prevent oil spills in future. ...
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