For the formation of this petroleum reservoir worth producing various geological elements are required. These elements include; porous reservoir rock which stores the petroleum, organic rocks which are the source of generating the gas or oil and lastly some kind of traps to prevent leaking away of the oil and gas (Souza at el). Usually these traps are found in predictable areas like next to faults, top of anticlines and under sandstone beds. The traps are of three types; structural, hydrodynamic and stratigraphic traps. Hydrodynamic traps are not common types of trap. They usually caused by water pressure differences that are as a result of water flow which creates a tilt of hydrocarbon water contact. Structural traps are bents and deformed areas beneath the surface that hold oil and gas. Mostly the traps are simple domes or more complicated faults. A fluid, which is water, oil or gas, fills the pores. Gas move to the top as it is the lightest, followed by oil then water stays down. Stratigraphic traps are depositional in nature as they are formed frequently by porous sandstone body or limestone getting enclosed in shale. The oil and gas are kept from getting away by the shale. Petroleum reservoirs are generally located beneath the surface at 1000 to 30000 feet. They vary in size, type and age. They often extend over hundreds of kilometers, plus include a number of oil wells spread out across a big area. Petroleum reservoir formation can be divided into; planktons, algae and protein rich life buried beneath sand layers and mud at source rock this involves sand accumulation, lastly buried reside transfer into liquid hydrocarbons. Topographical characteristics play an important role in the petroleum reservoirs formation. Petroleum reservoirs were discovered in the 19th century when Edwin Laurentine discovered that rock oil produces a distilled product for lanterns he then did the first well drill in 1859.The success of this drill which was close to an oil seep motivated further drilling in the same area, which soon led to same explorations in other places. The growing need for petroleum products led to petroleum reservoirs drilling in several states and countries. Petroleum reservoirs can be accidentally discovered, this mostly happens when oil seeps to the surface or it seeps into water supply thereby exposing its presence in that area. In some instances, it is necessary to deliberately explore different regions by the application f geographical and scientific knowledge with the intention of discovering locations A petroleum reservoir may be discovered by accident, as has happened when the oil seeps to the surface or when the oil seeps into water supply, consequently revealing its presence in that location. Other times, it is often necessary to intentionally explore different regions through the application of scientific and geographic knowledge with the view of discovering other places that may contain petroleum reservoir. Petroleum exploration and production which is the way to get gas and oil is performed by geologists, engineers and geophysicists. Geologists examine areas of the earth where sediments gather together. They then analyze the areas of interest closely to find out whether or not reservoir rocks and source rocks are present in the area. Examination of the rocks is done at the earth surface and drilled wells in the area. Geologists also use satellite images
Name University Course Instructor Date Petroleum water injection A petroleum reservoir also known as oil or gas reservoir is an excavation of hydrocarbons located beneath the earth’s surface. This surface is usually of porous rocks. The formation is as a result of organic material decomposition over a long duration of time…
Once crude oil is extracted it is itself a mixture of various lighter factions of organic liquids. The composition of crude oil varies from location to location though the change is not highly significant. The commonest factions that compose crude oil are generally alkanes, cycloalkanes, aromatic hydrocarbons and other organic compounds that are constituted from sulphur, oxygen and nitrogen along with trace amounts of transition metals such as vanadium, nickel, iron and copper.
It regulates how organisms interact with each other all with the aim of living and procreating to ensure their survival. It is against this backdrop that this research seeks to address water contamination and pollution in Alberta (Alberta, 2010). In 2009, the Government of Alberta released a roadmap that was to act as an action map for the citizens of Alberta in terms of their interaction with water so as to ensure that there is safe drinking water, a healthy aquatic system and a reliable water supply for the sustenance of the economy.
This caused increased demand for energy that saw the exploitation of oil, coal and natural gas sources at increased rates around the globe. In the UK for instance, Kaiser and Pulsipher (2007) approximate the number of oil and gas installations at 289, two of which are found in deep water.
Engineers in the field of petroleum apply physical and mathematical sciences to analyze, design, and produce petroleum products. For production process to occur, engineers must discover the existence of petroleum and apply their experience or technology to produce fuel.
e problem being discussed in the paper is that of Dong E & P Company experiencing challenges when drilling horizontal producers in the Nini main field. This was due to complexity in the geological setting that would result to low net pay ratio. The company was also faced with
By using experimental observations, Larger established that whenever there is presence of divalent cations including Ca2+ in connate brine, there would exist occurrence of additional oil recovery mostly in tertiary mode. In
logy involves capturing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and other emitters and converting it into liquid substances that are deposited in the deep sea (Johansen, 2008). The controversy over the issue is of interest and the present work seeks to find out the positive and
6 pages (1500 words)Essay
Hire a pro to write a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Apply my DISCOUNT
Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you!Try us!
Let us find you an essay for FREE
Contact us via Live Chat, call us at +16312120006or send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org