StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Natural gas - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Natural gas

In natural gas reservoirs beneath the surface of the earth even the heavier hydrocarbons occur for the most part in gaseous form because of the higher pressures. These heavier hydrocarbons usually liquefy at the surface at normal atmospheric conditions and are produced separately as natural gas liquids (NGLs), either in field separators or in gas processing plants (Speight, 3). How it was discovered and when did they discover it? The discovery of natural gas dates back from ancient times in the Middle East. During that times, there was not any clear understanding about the existence of natural gas and its presence was somewhat of a mystery to man. Such mysteries were attributed to occasional incidents of sudden lightning strikes that would ignite natural gas escaping from under the earth’s crust resulting fire coming from the earth. The value of natural gas as an energy was first recognized in China about 900 BC. In 211 BC, Chinese drilled the first known natural gas well. Further a step ahead they transported the crude gas through bamboo shoots to near sea shore, where it was used to distilled sea water to make it suitable for drinking. In early 1626, a French explorer first times discovered and identified natives igniting gases in America that were seeping into and around Lake Erie. In 1821 in Fredonia, United States, a massive escape of gas was observed in form of bubbles rising to the surface from a creek and an American industrialist and financier William Hart, considered as America’s “father of natural gas,” dug there the first natural gas well in North America. In Europe, natural gas was first come to known around 1659 when it was discovered in Great Britain. The last century technological development probed that major natural gas reservoirs are laying often in conjunction with crude oil, hence in recent times, major natural gas reservoirs were discovered as a result of searching for crude oil (Speight, 9). The usage of natural gas Since the discovery of natural gas as a heat source by the Chinese about two thousand years ago, the use of natural gas as an energy source has increased tremendously and presently, natural gas is about one quarter of the energy resources of the world (Speight, 21) as shown in fig. 1. Fig. 1 The main use of natural gas is combustion. The heat generated due to burning of gas is either directly or indirectly used for various energy purposes. In direct heating, natural gas is utilized both in residential and commercial heating and cooking purposes. Indirectly the heat generated due to natural gas combustion is used to generate electricity by using gas fired generators, steam turbines, gas turbines and combined cycle power generation units. Another important indirect use of heat generated due to combustion of natural gas is its use as transportation fuel by compressing natural gas (CNG) to less than 1% of its volume at standard atmospheric pressure (Natural gas report, 3). Except these natural gas is used in many industrial applications including ore smelting, minerals processing, drying and dehumidification, glass smelting, food processing, waste treatment and incineration, and fueling industrial boilers. Also natural gas is an essential feedstock for number of for industrial products such as methanol, fertilizers, ...Show more

Summary

………. ………. ………. Natural gas What is natural Gas? Natural gas, also called marsh or swamp gas in older texts and more recently known as landfill gas is a viable, abundant, low cost, low emission naturally occurring gaseous fossil fuel found in oil fields, natural gas fields and coal beds and used as an energy source in numerous economic sectors across the world…
Author : feestoda
Natural gas essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Natural gas"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Natural Gas/Methane
The remaining 10% is shared between other heavier hydrocarbons: ethane, propane and butane. During its extraction, propane and butane gases are removed from the natural gas to form Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG). LPG is distributed to those regions where natural gas distribution through pipelines is not possible, due to economic reasons.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Natural Gas in Automotive Engines
Combustion/Expansion: The mixture is burnt, almost invariably adeflagration, although a few systems involvedetonation. The hot mixture is expanded, pressing on and moving parts of the engine and performing useful work. The main idea behind a gasoline car engine is of convertinggasolineinto motion so that car can move.
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Relationship Between Crude Oil And Natural Gas Prices
Factors affecting demand and supply of crude oil and natural gas have also been discussed. According to economics theory, there is deemed to be a relationship between natural gas and crude oil prices. This is based on the fact that natural gas and crude oil are substitutes in consumption, as well as rivals, in production (Villar, Joutz).
20 pages (5000 words) Essay
Future of Natural Gas in the Mediterranean Basin
Natural gas is a fossil fuel like oil and coal." (NaturalGas.org, 2004) Other renewable sources of energy include solar energy, wind power, hydro power, biomass, bio fuel and geothermal energy. A new source of natural gas, known as shale gas is increasingly becoming popular in the world.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Compare and contrast paper on Natural Gas vs Propane
There are many similarities and dissimilarities between propane and natural gas. It is in the evaluation of these similarities and dissimilarities that an answer is found as to which is the more effective fuel from all
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Natural Gas: Nominal GDP vs. Real GDP
From this explanation, we can conclude that products in the international market must be valued in reference with international currencies. In relation with the discussion by Zhou in 2011 concerning the drop in natural gas
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Natural gas
The value of natural gas as an energy was first recognized in China about 900 BC. In 211 BC, Chinese drilled the first known natural gas well.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Natural gas
Natural gas neither has odor nor color and yields a lot of energy when burned, which makes it a good source of energy for all sorts of domestic and industrial purposes. However, natural gas is not renewable since it is a fossil fuel. The International Energy Agency
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Natural gas & Geothermal energy
Natural gas depicts a fossil fuel, which formation occurs because of the pressure and intense heat of the buried gases, plants and animals. Plants gain energy from the sun, which is stored
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Natural Gas Boiler Plant
The steam and water section was the first to be undertaken. This aimed at determining the flow rate of steam, moisture content of steam, steam enthalpy, feed water enthalpy, pressure of feed water and temperature of feed water. Different tests at
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation