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Engineering and Construction
Pages 4 (1004 words)
Name Tutor Course Date Nuclear Power plant safety system Nuclear power plants have been and are still considered by the public as being extremely dangerous to use as sources of energy. This is due to the fact that they are associated with radioactive materials.
Therefore, any leak or release of radioactive materials into the environment may render land that would have otherwise been useful useless. It is for this reason that extreme safety measures are normally adopted in nuclear power plants. The safety measures are normally taken to prevent any leak of the radioactive materials into the environment as a result of accident, breakdown and/or waste (INSAG, p23). This paper therefore, aims at discussing the safety systems present in nuclear power plants’ reactors. The heart of a nuclear power plant is a nuclear reactor. It is in the reactor that those nuclear reactions (nuclear fusion or fission reaction) that produce heat energy (heat energy used to heat steam) take place. Therefore, all nuclear radiations are produced in the reactors as either leaks or wastes. It is for this reason that extreme systems are incorporated in these nuclear reactors. The objectives of nuclear reactor safety systems include: i. Shutting down a nuclear reactor. ii. Maintaining or carrying out repair works while reactor is shut down. iii. Preventing release of any radioactive materials or waste into the environment during accidents and/or events. (Nuclear Energy Agency, p 117) The above objectives of nuclear reactor safety systems are usually accomplished by use of a variety of equipment and machinery. ...
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