Becoming an organ donor is very simple as it is a choice offered when registering to vote, getting or renewing a driver’s license or ID card or placing this in your living will in most states. Laws pertaining to organ donation have been created in order to make the process one which does not discriminate and one which is available to all patients meeting specific health criteria rather than socio-economic status, ethnicity, or gender. Current Laws and Policy Regarding Organ Donation Unfortunately the supply of available organ us far from meeting current demands. It is estimated that over 90,000 people are on waiting lists and many have sought new and creative initiatives in order to increase the supply of organs (Georgetown Edu,2012). This field is still one of the most regulated fields in medical care. While there are federal laws there are also state laws which may be more specific or defining in policy. Those facilities who perform transplants are members or the Organ Procurement Organization and as such have standards and policy which must be followed. Facilities which participate are considered a ‘host’ and are responsible for properly identifying, maintain and evaluating donors (HRSA, 2012). Authorization must be obtained and the organ mist be properly handled to ensure it remains viable. In evaluating potential donors death must be pronounced and the donors medical history must be screened for factors that would affect the function of the organ. There are very specific screening procedures for each organ or tissue which rules out many potential donors. Host facilities must participate in the sharing of the waiting list of candidates for organ transplant. Referrals must come from specialty units and those placed on the waiting list are screened and rated with a priority. In order to prevent preferential treatment organs which are procured from transplant must be handled by a facility other than the one where the organ is to be received. Those who are non-citizens of the United States may also be referred for organ transplant. Policy prevent discrimination and in these cases adherence to policy preventing discrimination are to be followed. All potential donors a panel of tests are administered which include information such as electrolytes, serological testing, hepatitis screening, chest x-rays and numerous more. Each organ or tissue has more specified and specialized screening processes. Kidney donations must meet a defined matrix which includes factors such as age and creatinine. A history of hypertension will be evaluated and the cause of death must also be considered carefully. Blood types must match when transplanting kidneys and those with a zero-antigen match are usually selected first from the pool of candidates as they are less likely to experience total organ rejection. Information such as this is shared within Unet which is a compilation of all donors on the waiting list. Kidneys are one of the most transplanted organs with high success rates (HRSA-2, 2012).Kidneys are shared first to the most suitable local matches; if there are none then regions are defined which are next allocated the kidney; if a recipient is not found with the region a match is sough nationally. Liver transplant patients are scored with a different system weighs their mortality risk against the medical urgency of their condition. Candidates are assigned a status with points given for factors such as creatinine, bilirubin, age, stage of liver failure, renal failure and Glasgow coma
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Ethics of the Sale of Body Parts Instructor University Name April 22, 2013 Introduction Organ donation is often a the last opportunity an individual has for survival. Organs that are currently able to be donated include kidneys, liver, heart, lungs, pancreas, and intestines…
Sociology: An Essay on Work Ethics Name: Presented to: Date: Overview Work has been synonymous with human beings as a way of life for many years, regardless of whether it is paid, unpaid or any other form. Work has evolved over the history of mankind to acquire different meanings especially in modern times.
In the United States, slight variations of the Uniform Anatomical Gift Act of 1968 are in force in all the 50 states. According to this act, individuals are at liberty to donate some parts as well as their entire bodies once they die. The 1968 version does not, however, prohibit or allow the sale of the human body parts.
According to Andre et al. (2011), “In response to the shortage, proposals have come forth advocating the sale of non-vital human organs” (pgh. 2). On one hand, people have an ethical responsibility to prevent suffering and death. On the other hand, people also have to maintain their dignity and values.
Research has indicated over 30 000 patients in the U.S require transplantation procedures. However, organs for transplantation are not readily available. Federal government laws do not permit the sale of body parts for medical purposes. This has led to the enactment of national and state laws that regulate the distribution and donation of body organs (parts).
A surgical procedure is engaged in the harvest of the organs following an examination and determination based on the history of the donor in medical and social fields for transplantation suitability (Thaler 1). These procedures are called allotransplants whereas that of transplantation of animal organs into human bodies is referred to as xenotransplantation.
Developments in tissue and organ transplants have allowed people with life threatening diseases a second chance at life. Successful transplants of kidney, lungs, and hearts has got enhanced through better medical practices. Legislations have got enacted at all levels in an attempt to offer a better and organized system of organ donation (Viens & Singer, 2008).
Technology and innovations in medicine have made possible many alternatives to alleviate if not totally cure ailing patients through replacements of body parts or organ transplants. Handwerk (2004) reported that in 2002 alone, the U. S. doctors performed 24,900 life-saving organ transplants.
Technology and innovations in medicine have made possible many alternatives to alleviate if not totally cure ailing patients through replacements of body parts or organ transplants. Handwerk (2004) reported that in 2002 alone, the U. S. doctors performed 24,900
Making the desired impression on a target audience is a concept that has developed profoundly since the prehistoric times. Firstly, the different audiences have unique characteristics and autonomy that makes them a target
2. Many of these body organs are crucial for their lives and nothing can replace it hence sale of body organ is a highly useful process. There are no enough available organs, and the only solution is to make more available in order to save
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